Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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Background: Sea-level rise and groundwater linkages affect drinking groundwater and livelihood in general. What problems
does it pose to coastal Ghana and what interventions can empower coastal people to adapt fully to groundwater quality problem.
Communities close to the coastline likely to have their water compromised and their livelihood more affected than those far from
Methods: The present study examines the linkages using 350 quantitative data, 12 focus group discussions, 8 in-depth interviews
and 60 groundwater samples for laboratory analysis according to WHO 1993 guidelines.
Results: The result shows that sea-level rise affects groundwater system for well irrigation. Four major spatial groundwater groups
were revealed: low salinity, acidic groundwater which is derived from the wells close to farmlands contaminated mainly with
phosphorus; very high salinity waters which are not suitable for most domestic and irrigation purposes and two intermediaries
of moderate pH and ionic metals. Salinization of the groundwater for irrigation has resulted in low yields and limiting adaptive
capacity as agriculture is mainstay occupation. Responses to impacts are more burdensome to women than their male counterparts
Conclusion: Equitable distribution of potable water as well as livelihood empowerment will help alleviate poverty and empower
coastal rural communities to come par with Ghana?s targeted Millennium Development Goal 1 (MDG1) of reducing poverty to
two-third across the nation.
Joseph L. Wilkins has completed his Bachelors at the University of Louisville in 2011. Currently pursuing his masters at Saint Louis University class
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