Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Marine Cloud Brightening: The Process Of Increasing The Planetary Albedo And The Effect On Global Surface Temperatures | 2440
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 4072

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change received 4072 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • CAS Source Index (CASSI)
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Online Access to Research in the Environment (OARE)
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • JournalTOCs
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI)
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Proquest Summons
  • SWB online catalog
  • Publons
  • Euro Pub
Share This Page

Marine cloud brightening: The process of increasing the planetary albedo and the effect on global surface temperatures

International Conference on Earth Science & Climate Change

Alan Gadian, Ben Parkes and John Latham

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Earth Sci Climate Change

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.S1.002

Marine Cloud Brightening (MCB) is one of several proposed solar radiation management geoengineering schemes designed to avert some of the undesirable effects of climate change (Latham et al. 2008, Phil Trans Roy Society). Such changes include ice loss, desertification and increased sea levels. MCB hypothesizes that seeding marine stratocumulus clouds with copious quantities of roughly monodisperse sub-micrometre seawater particles can enhance the cloud droplet number concentration and increase cloud albedo. Recent publications (Latham et al. 2012, Phil Trans Royal Soc.) provide more specific details of the technology and the microphysical process, as well as proposing a set of field tests to critically assess the efficacy of MCB. We describe a set of climate simulations based on the fully coupled ocean atmosphere and ice Numerical Weather Prediction Climate Model, HadGEM1. The model is used to project changes in land and sea surface temperatures as a result of increasing carbon dioxide and geoengineering using the MCB scenario. We show that that the effects of seeding the clouds in three relatively small and localised regions where there is significant stratocumulus cloud cover, produces significant global cooling of land surface and sea surface temperatures which could provide temporary ( ~ 50 years) amelioration of global temperature rise. Modification of the Meridional Heat Flux is the process whereby the poles are preferentially cooled. (Parkes et al 2012, ISRN). Global land and sea surface temperature plots are shown. Further application to hurricane weakening and cooling of tropical regions to avoid Coral Bleaching is briefly suggested.
Dr. Alan Gadian is a senior scientist in the UK National Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, and currently based at the University of Leeds, UK. He is working with a team of scientists trying to test the viability of this Geoengineering Scheme to provide a temporary stop gap breathing space to reduce global warming. He has had many years of studying and publishing papers on microphysical process in clouds and modelling dynamical and thermodynamical processes in the lower atmosphere. He is editor of Atmospheric Science Letters.
Relevant Topics