Putting The Global Extremes And Disasters In The Context Of The IPCC Special Report On Managing The Risks Of Extreme Events And Disasters To Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX) | 18584
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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SREX responds to the need to address the gap in information related to climate extremes. The report explores interactions
between disasters and development and clearly demonstrates how the exposure to extremes and vulnerability to climate
change can hinder development efforts. The Report provides for the first time the scientific evidence, with decision-relevant
information demonstrating that extreme events which used to occur infrequently and perceived today as abnormal will be
tomorrow?s ?normal? weather. Moreover, it emphasizes the need for much smarter development and economic policies that
consider managing disaster risk as a core component of sustainable development. It points out that high levels of vulnerability,
combined with more severe and frequent weather and climate extremes, may result in some places, such as coastal cities,
becoming increasingly uninhabitable. A number of current observations around the globe support the findings of the report.
For example, the United Nations reported that the year 2011 was the costliest year in history for catastrophes, highlighting that
the economic losses from natural disasters, including earthquakes, storms and floods, amounted to about $366 billion. The
drought in the Horn of Africa in 2010-2011, caused what was considered as the worst humanitarian crisis in decades. SREX has
also examined how human responses to these events and the consequent disasters could contribute to adaptation objectives,
and how adaptation to climate change could become better integrated with Disasters Risk Management (DRM) practice. The
presentation aims at putting the SREX report in the context of existing and emerging global disasters
Balgis Osman-Elasha is a Climate Change Expert at the Compliance and Safe Guards Division of the African Development Bank (AfDB). She holds a PhD in
Forestry Science, Master in Environmental Science and a Bachelor of Science (BSc) with Honour in Forestry and Agriculture. She has more than 17 years?
experience in different climate change issues with focus on vulnerability and adaptation assessment. Her research focuses on Human Dimension of Global
Environmental Changes and implications on sustainable development. She has served as a Lead Author in a number of the IPCC Assessment Reports
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