Reverse Logistics System Network Planning In E-commerce Express Industry Based On The Coordinative Development Of Economy And Environment | 48337
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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In China, the rapid development of E-commerce express industry has caused serious damage to environment, which includes
waste of resource, pollution on air, automobile noise, traffic jam and terrible package problems in recent years. Only in 2014, 14
billion operation volume on express industry consumed 2 billion plastic woven bags, 5.5 billion plastic bags, 2.1 billion envelopes,
6.7 billion cartons, 11.4 billion meters of adhesive tap, and 2 billion inner buffers. Most of the package materials are plastic, especially
bad quality plastic, which are hard to be degraded and recycled, and severely harmful to the environment. To meet the requirement
of sustainable development, reverse logistics is of equal importance on the reduction of packing usage. Thus, an efficient reverse
logistics system network is essential and necessary, and should play an important role in the coordinative development of economy
and environment. Self-supporting model, outsourcing model, and joint operation model in reverse logistics industry have been
discussed and the results show that: Joint operation model is superior to the other two models on economy of scale and integration of
logistics enterprises, but it still has deficiencies on the degree of integration and leadership. Thus, public mode leading by government
in reverse logistics system with logistics enterprises can increase the utilization ratio of resource and decrease logistics cost. Site
selection and optimal network planning in reverse logistics are also made to improve the efficiency of recycle, recycling rate of
resource, logistics efficiency, and economic effectiveness. Meanwhile, it can be benefit to the environment protection, decrease social
environment cost, and develop low-carbon and recycling economy.
Yanning Jiang is the Director of the major of Regional Logistics Planning in School of Geographical Science in Guangzhou University, and is doing her Doctorate in School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering in Central South University. She is specialized in the study of reverse logistics planning, location and lateral transshipment.