A Study On Exposure Related Health Problems In Textile Industry | 17609
Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs
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Introduction: The concept of occupational safety and health is in its initial stage in Nepal. Textile industries contain many
hazards and risks to workers. Because of exposure to noise, chemicals and air borne particulate, workers involved in manual
handling and working with machinery are at risk of various ill health conditions.
1.To identify health problems related to exposures in textile industry.
2.To assess the practice of safety precautions among workers.
Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Pragati Textile Industry located at industrial corridor
of eastern Nepal. All the workers (219) who were present at the time of study were interviewed by using pretested semistructured
questionnaires. Blood pressure, height and weight were measured. Ethical consideration was maintained. Walk
through examination was done using observational check list. SPSS V.16 was used for analysis of data.
Result: Most of the workers (62.1%) were in age group of 20 to 39 years and 30.6% workers had been working for more than
10 years. High intensity of noise was noticed in weaving and winding departments while low intensity of noise was noticed
in other departments. Low level of dust was noticed in the industry. Only 16% workers used personal protective equipments.
Ear muffs were used by only 7.3% workers. Respiratory problems (20.5%), ear problems (23.8%), eye problems (33.8%), skin
problems (14.2%), hypertension(6.4%), gastritis (5.9%), musculoskeletal problem (4.6%), under-nutrition (11.4%) were
prevalent among workers. The proportion of workers reporting hearing problem in weaving and winding departments was
more than that in the other departments.
Conclusion: High intensity of noise was noticed in the textile industry. Eye problem was the most common problem followed
by ear problem, respiratory problem and skin problems. Hypertension and under-nutrition was also present. Hearing problems
of the workers could be due the presence of high noise in the industry. Use of personal protective equipment in the textile
industry was not satisfactory.
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