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Allergic rhinitis represents a major cause of morbidity that includes interference with usual daily activities and impairment
of sleep quality. The majority of patients respond adequately to pharmacotherapy, provided that it is taken properly and
regularly. Nevertheless, a substantial proportion of patients report inadequate relief of symptoms despite treatment with intranasal
corticosteroids and oral or topical antihistamines. Immunotherapy, both subcutaneous and sublingual, is an effective treatment for
adults and children with severe allergic rhinitis that does not respond to conventional pharmacotherapy and allergen avoidance
measures. It is also reasonable to offer allergen immunotherapy to those unable to tolerate pharmacotherapy. Selection of patients for
immunotherapy requires accurate identification of an underlying allergic trigger through a combination of clinical history and skin
and/or blood tests for allergen specific IgE. The efficacy of immunotherapy depends on correct patient selection, the type of allergen
and the product chosen for treatment. The benefit of immunotherapy for AR triggered by perennial allergens, particularly HDM, is
less well established than with seasonal allergens. The available data also suggests that immunotherapy may offer long-term benefits
after its discontinuation, particularly where treatment has been continuously administered for several years.
U Ayfer Yukselen has completed her Medical Education at Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine in 1990 and Education of Child Health and Diseases at Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine in 1995 and education about Pediatric Allergy and Immunology at Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine in 2010. She is currently working in Gaziantep Children Hospital Clinic of Pediatric Allergy as an Associate Professor. She has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals.