Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology
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The BMI is an attempt to quantify the amount of tissue mass (muscle, fat and bone) in an individual, and then categorize that
person as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese based on that value. The BMI is generally used as a means of
correlation between groups related by general mass and can serve as a vague means of estimating adiposity. The duality of the BMI
is that, while it is easy to use as a general calculation, it is limited as to how accurate and pertinent the data obtained from it can be.
Generally, the index is suitable for recognizing trends within sedentary or overweight individuals because there is a smaller margin
of error. The BMI has been used by the WHO as the standard for recording obesity statistics since the early 1980s. The study area
considered was Salboni block which is 25 km away from Midnapore town. Total 1009 adolescent girls were considered for this
study (10-19 years). Structured questionnaires were followed to know details of socio-economic status of studied adolescent and
stature was also measured to the nearest 0.1 cm in bare feet with participants standing upright against a wall-mounted stadiometer.
It was observed that FMI and BMI have weak correlation, among them, 24.4% were under nutrient based on BMI and 99.8% are
undernutrition based on the percentage of body fat. Around 34.2% had low health status by assessing Rohrer index. According to
ROC curve, 18.45 kg/m2 was the obtained cut off value for this study. Malnutrition affects HIV transmission by increasing the risk
of transmission from mother to child and also by increasing replication of the virus. In communities or areas that lack access to
safe drinking water, these additional health risks present a critical problem. Lower energy and impaired function of the brain also
represent the downward spiral of malnutrition as victims are less able to perform the tasks they need to in order to acquire food, earn
an income, or complete their education.
Kankana De has completed her PhD from Vidyasagar University and has worked as a Counselor at Anwesha Clinic in Salboni Rural Hospital. She has completed four Post-graduate studies in Anthropology, Botany, Business Administration and Social Work. She is a Reviewer of Journal of Social Science Research. She has presented her work at the Vinod Gupta School of Management organized by Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur IIT, India; Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, India, etc. She has published six papers in reputed journals.