Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs
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Objective: Evaluation of the clinical impact of chronic exposure to perchlor?thyl?ne in a population of salaries laundry in
Means and methods: This is a cross-type exposed unexposed study. Data collection made by a questionnaire (that of Hogstedt).
Were performed psychometric tests. The evaluation of occupational exposure by air sampling using colorimetric detector tubes
for spot metering (Dragger pumps).
Results: Sixty employees and 120 controls were included. 50% of employees often had fatigue at the end of work and then 50%
sometimes complain of fatigue at the beginning and at the workplace and irritability. There is a significant difference between
exposed and unexposed population on the presence of clinical signs except for the presence of three signs: nightmares, tingling
in arms and digestive disorders, and for all the psychometric tests.
Discussion: Repeating peaks perchlorethylene causes a greater exposure to the recommended values. The clinic is indicated in
monitoring exposure but must be associated with bio metrology for chronic exposures.
Conclusion: This study confirms the existence of an occupational exposure to perchlor?thyl?ne dry cleaners employees, and
allowed us to identify the symptoms observed in the study population according to the exhibition.
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