Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs
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Occupational health and safety (sometimes referred also as ?personal safety?) encompasses the:
? Physical (including mechanical and electrical) and ergonomic hazards
? Biological hazards
? Chemical hazards
? Psychosocial hazards
Physical, ergonomic, biological and psychological hazards are generally straight forward cases and their risk to personnel
can be minimized and controlled by the implementation and maintenance of a fit-for-purpose management system that
addresses elements as competency management, training and development programs, leaderships and behavioral safety
protocols and systematic operating processes to achieve an appropriate level of consistency and completeness.
Risk management of chemical hazards from process is more complex and heavily depends on functionality, reliability,
survivability and interactions of production systems. The critical systems associated with production can be categorized as:
a. Operational Critical Systems
b. Safety Critical Systems
Failure of one or more safety critical systems can lead to major chemical hazards affecting not only the workers in place but
also whole plant and in worst case public. Major accidents include exposure to major toxic material release, fire and explosion.
In this paper, it is demonstrated how bow-tie method can be applied to relate the process safety and occupational safety
requirements to ensure risk of chemical hazards to personnel and plant is minimized.
Fabienne -Fariba Salimi is a senior HSE consultant and has more than 25 years of experience in process safety engineering in the chemical and oil & gas industries,
both onshore and offshore. She has a particular expertise in risk-based design and identifying safety-critical systems and developing their performance standards
in compliance with ISO 55000. Since March 1994, she has been the Project Manager of Multiplan R&F in France and later the ADEPP Academy in the UK. She is
also the co-developer and project manager for developing the ADEPP monitor, an online innovative tool for identifying safety-critical equipment and management
of their performance standards. She obtained her PhD in chemical engineering from ?Ecole Centrale Paris? in 1996. Her main qualifications were obtained in Iran
and France and she is a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AICHE) and the International Society for Instrumentation (ISA).
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