Replacement Of Maize With Cassava Flour As An Alternative Source Of Energy In The Diet Of African Mud Catfish Clarias Gariepinus (Burchell 1822) Fingerlings | 48146
Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production
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A feeding trial was conducted to determine the effect of cassava flour as an alternative source of energy in Clarias gariepinus
fingerlings. A total of 300 fingerlings of average weight 3.01 g were randomly distributed into five treatments, each treatment had
three replicates. Twenty fingerlings were distributed into each bucket of 50 liters, which was filled with 40 liters of water. Five diets
containing 35% crude protein were formulated in which maize was replaced with cassava flour meal at different level: Diet 1 (100%
cassava), Diet 2 (75% cassava), Diet 3 (50% cassava), Diet 4 (25% cassava) and Diet 5 (0% cassava) which serves as the control diet.
They were fed at 5% body weight per day for 10 weeks. The results showed that cassava flour was suitable as an alternative source
of energy in Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Diet 3 (50% cassava) has the highest mean followed by Diet 4 (25% cassava), Diet 5 (0%
cassava), Diet 2 (75% cassava) and Diet 1 (100% cassava) respectively. There were no significant differences (P>0.05) in the growth
response of Clarias gariepinus. It is therefore concluded that cassava flour is a cheap source of non-conventional energy source which
could be successfully used to replace maize (50% inclusion levels) as an energy source in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings.
Dalmeida Lucas Oluwaseun is a Lecturer in the Department of Agricultural Education, Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education, Nigeria. He has completed his Master’s degree in Fisheries and Aquatic Biology and currently pursuing PhD in the same field in Lagos State University, Nigeria.