Response Of Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Varieties To Planting Dates In Semi-arid Lowland Nigeria | 107156
Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Potato is a temperate crop requiring low temperatures for growth and yield. Production of potato in the semiarid
lowland Nigeria is restricted to periods of low temperatures that prevailed from early November to late
February. The general approach for potato in this region is to relate the planting date to coincide with the period of
relatively low temperatures, as high temperature inhibits growth and yield. Based on the above, field experiments
were conducted in two locations at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Kebbi State University of Science and
Technology, Aliero, during 2016/2017 dry season. The aim was to determine the most appropriate planting date
and most suitable variety in the study area. Treatments consisted of factorial combinations of four Planting dates
(1st November, 15th November, 1st December and 15th December 2016) and four potato varieties (Bertita, Diamant,
Lady-christl and Nicola). The experiments were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three
replications. Results revealed that stand count, plant height, number of leaves per plant, shoot dry weight, number
of tubers per plant, weight of tubers per plant, mean tuber weight, mean tuber diameter and fresh tuber yield were
higher when planted on 1st - 15th November. Bertita proved to be the most robust in terms of growth; and with
Nicola, in terms of yield compared to the other varieties. Based on the results of this study, it could be concluded
that, planting of potato from 1st November to 15th November coupled with either Bertita or Nicola give the highest
potato yield in the study area.
Adamu Muhammad was born 46 years ago (03-09-1973) in Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria. He obtained his B. Agriculture and M. Sc. Crop Science in Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria. He completed his PhD in Agronomy at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. He is currently the Head of Department of Crop Science, Deputy Dean of the Postgraduate School and was one time the Director of Examinations and Registration of the Kebbi state University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Nigeria. He has published more than 40 papers in reputed journals nationally and internationally.