alexa Retropharyngeal Abscess: Our Experiences | 68028
ISSN: 2161-119X

Otolaryngology: Open Access
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Sumit Sharma
Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, India
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Otolaryngol (Sunnyvale)
DOI: 10.4172/2161-119X-C1-017
Abstract
The retropharyngeal space has a very complex anatomy and is located posterior to the pharynx (nasopharynx, oropharynx and hypopharynx), larynx and trachea. The space largely contains retropharyngeal group of lymph nodes. Retropharyngeal abscesses are deep neck space infections that occur in this space and can pose an immediate life-threatening emergency with potential for catastrophic complications. The high mortality rate of retropharyngeal abscess is due to its association with respiratory distress and airway obstruction, mediastinitis, aspiration pneumonitis, jugular venous thrombosis, sepsis and sometimes erosion into the carotid artery. The incidence of the disease in gradually going down due to the widespread availability of good antibiotics; this is also reducing a clinician’s experience in managing such cases. This is a retrospective study of cases with the discharge diagnosis of retropharyngeal abscess treated in the past 10 years, the disease predominantly presented with fever and pain in throat with dysphagia, poor oral intake, neck pain and sore throat. Respiratory distress was seen in a few cases. Surgery was not performed in all the cases and in milder forms and in cases where patients refused for surgery, conservative management was done. Patients were investigated by X-ray and CT scan and ultrasonography and once the diagnosis of retropharyngeal abscess was established, they were managed by drainage/aspiration under general anesthesia along with intravenous antibiotics. Early diagnosis is the key to management of these conditions to avoid morbidity and mortality. Some interesting observations like incidence of Koch’s lesions and type of surgical intervention chosen along with possibility of recurrence will be presented in detail.
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