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The Functional Ecology And Mechanical Properties Of Biological Hooks In Nature | 48165
ISSN: 2332-2608

Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production
Open Access

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The functional ecology and mechanical properties of biological hooks in nature

2nd International Conference on Livestock Nutrition

Bruce Edward Saunders

University of Bath, UK

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Fisheries Livest Prod

DOI: 10.4172/2332-2608.C1.006

The selection of biological hooks in nature is wide so how do we endeavor to narrow the field into a manageable set that can be analyzed and commercialized such that they all have a natural product that is reproducible and of value to the human population? We turn to the ancient evolutionary theory of cladistics which makes use of a simple measure to differentiate between organisms, the visual structures that differentiate and also consolidate them into sets. Nachtigal supplies us with a textbook of classes of attachment mechanisms which yield a number on instances where the connectors resemble those of man-made devices, from ratchets to hinges, but always in two structures and never with an intervening third which is separate from the two such as the rod of a hinge on a door. It is important to consider the use of available technology, to look at these examples with new eyes as are made available by new microscopy techniques, computer integration and new layered manufacture techniques such as SEM (Scanning electrodeposition Electron Microscopy) and bio-printing. The end result has been the simplest of all attachment devices seen to be possible and inevitably the first option when looking at commercial applications. Advances in biomaterials too mean that we can look at more options with greater versatility from fusing bone with attachment devices treated with hydroxyapatite to anchorage devices for the sensitive walls of the gut and/or the abdomen as well as brain implants for sensing magnetic fields. It is hoped that the reader will enjoy this work as much as I have with the great promise that it will hold forth the right of way for the advance of technology and the sustenance of the age which is about to come.

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