The Functional Ecology And Mechanical Properties Of Biological Hooks In Nature | 48165
Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production
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The selection of biological hooks in nature is wide so how do we endeavor to narrow the field into a manageable set that can be
analyzed and commercialized such that they all have a natural product that is reproducible and of value to the human population?
We turn to the ancient evolutionary theory of cladistics which makes use of a simple measure to differentiate between organisms, the
visual structures that differentiate and also consolidate them into sets. Nachtigal supplies us with a textbook of classes of attachment
mechanisms which yield a number on instances where the connectors resemble those of man-made devices, from ratchets to hinges,
but always in two structures and never with an intervening third which is separate from the two such as the rod of a hinge on a
door. It is important to consider the use of available technology, to look at these examples with new eyes as are made available
by new microscopy techniques, computer integration and new layered manufacture techniques such as SEM (Scanning electrodeposition
Electron Microscopy) and bio-printing. The end result has been the simplest of all attachment devices seen to be possible
and inevitably the first option when looking at commercial applications. Advances in biomaterials too mean that we can look at more
options with greater versatility from fusing bone with attachment devices treated with hydroxyapatite to anchorage devices for the
sensitive walls of the gut and/or the abdomen as well as brain implants for sensing magnetic fields. It is hoped that the reader will
enjoy this work as much as I have with the great promise that it will hold forth the right of way for the advance of technology and the
sustenance of the age which is about to come.