alexa The Newborn Infant Is Not A Miniature Adult
ISSN: 2161-0681

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology
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12th International Conference on Pediatric Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
March 15-16, 2017 London, UK

Mirjalili S Ali, Shane R Tubbs and Lawrence Rizzolo
University of Auckland, New Zealand
Birmingham Children's Hospital, UK
University of Yale, USA
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Pathol
DOI: 10.4172/2161-0681.C1.032
Abstract
Introduction: Pediatric anatomy has been neglected throughout medical history. In 1973, Professor Crelin published the first atlas of human infant anatomy in medical history. He himself illustrated “Anatomy of the Newborn”, a work that took six years to complete. This atlas is accompanied by an 87-page text called “Functional Anatomy of the Newborn”. The significance of his works brings new light to the question: Is it not time to revisit pediatric anatomy in view of modern imaging technology? Resources: The journal Clinical Anatomy has recently published its second special edition on surface anatomy with a number of studies on children. This highlighted the differences not only between children and adults, but also throughout growth. Description: Important examples are the termination of the spinal cord (the conus medullaris) and the duodenojejunal flexure (DJF). The former is at a median level of the L2 vertebra in the neonate compared to the lower border of L1 in adults. Variable anatomy means that in some infants, the conus medullaris may lie as low as L3. The supracristal plane between the highest points of the iliac crests is slightly higher (L3/4); a lumbar puncture in the newborn should not be performed above this level. Another example is the position of the DJF, a marker of intestinal rotation, which was consistently found to the left of midline but at highly variable vertebral levels (T11-L3). Significance: These two examples demonstrate the urgent need for extensive and systematic research in pediatric anatomy by clinical anatomists around the globe.
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