The Prevalence Of Depression And Anxiety In Seafarers Type 2 Diabetic Patients | 17624
Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Background and Aims: The number of type 2 diabetic patients, during the past several decades, has increased in the population
of seafarers which have additional health-hazard. Depression and anxiety are prevalent co-morbid condition in diabetes as
disease-related psychological reactions on this chronic metabolic illness. This study was aimed to determine the occurrence of
depression and anxiety in seafarer?s type 2 diabetic patients and its association with glycaemic control, degree of obesity and
chronic microvascular complications.
Patients and Methods: A random sample of 52 diabetic seafarers treated with diet and oral glucose lowering agents, and 56
no diabetic seafarers were screened for depression with The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and for anxiety with State-
Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI 1, STAI 2). Demographic details (age, duration of diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI),
glycaemic control, therapy, microvascular complications) were recorded from the patient?s medical records. The data on
current life circumstances as seafarer (years on the ship, the duration of shipping routes during one year) were collected by a
Results: Depression (BDI score >18.5) and anxiety (STAI score <28.5) was significantly higher in the group of diabetic seafarers
than in control group (more than 30%). Significant correlation was noted between depression and duration of diabetes mellitus,
degree of obesity and poor glycaemic control (HbA1C>8%). The longer duration of shipping routes (over 6 months) were
observed to significantly associate with severity and degree of depression and anxiety among diabetic seafarers.
Conclusion: The proportion of depression and anxiety was found higher in seafarer?s type 2 diabetic patients than in the
group of health seafarers. Performing these short screening tests for depression and anxiety in routine work, help us to prompt
detection and treatment of both, diabetes and disease-related psychological reactions and mental disorders (anxiety and
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals