alexa Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Reveals Differences Between Spasmodic Dysphonia And Muscle Tension Dysphonia
ISSN: 2161-119X

Otolaryngology: Open Access
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5th Global Summit and Expo on Head, Neck and Plastic Surgery
June 19-20, 2017 Philadelphia, USA

Sharyl A Samargia
University of Wisconsin-River Falls, USA
University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, USA
ScientificTracks Abstracts: Otolaryngol (Sunnyvale)
DOI: 10.4172/2161-119X-C1-016
Statement of the Problem: Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) is a form of focal dystonia resulting in a strained voice quality during speech tasks. The pathophysiology of AdSD is largely unknown and differential diagnosis is challenging due to the shared perceptual features with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD). Considering MTD does not have a neurologic-basis, comparison of cortical excitability, using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), between MTD and AdSD offers a novel approach in differential diagnosis. A direct comparison of cortical excitability in AdSD and MTD has not previously been reported. Methodology: 10 subjects with AdSD, 8 with MTD and 10 healthy controls received single and paired pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to the primary motor cortex contralateral to tested muscles, first dorsal interosseus (FDI) and masseter. We hypothesized cortical excitability in AdSD would be significantly different than in MTD and healthy and would correlate with perceptual severity in AdSD. Findings: Cortical silent period (CSP) duration in masseter and FDI were significantly shorter in AdSD than MTD and healthy controls. Other measures failed to demonstrate differences. Conclusion & Significance: There are differences in intracortical excitability between AdSD, MTD and healthy controls. Differences in intracortical inhibition in FDI and masseter suggest widespread dysfunction of the GABAB (Gamma-Amino- Butyric Acid Type B) mechanism may be a pathophysiologic feature of AdSD, similar to other forms of focal dystonia. Further exploration of the use of TMS to assist in the differential diagnosis of AdSD and MTD is warranted.

Sharyl A Samargia is an Associate Professor and Speech-Language Pathologist. Her expertise is the study of neuroplasticity as it relates to functional motor recovery in individuals with neurologic disease or injury. She is interested in combining neuromodulation techniques and high intensity, task specific behavioral practice to facilitate true neural recovery and minimize maladaptive plasticity.

Email: [email protected]

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