Use Of Ultrasound Biofeedback In Speech Intervention For Children With Hearing Loss And Cleft Palate | 68007
Otolaryngology: Open Access
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Speech-language pathologists frequently provide visual feedback during treatment to help clients visualize articulatory
gestures and movements for various speech sounds. While traditional visual feedback approaches incorporate visual cues
using mirrors, figures or diagrams, alternative methods of visual feedback are gaining more attention in current research.
These alternative methods include the use of acoustic analysis, electropalatogaphy and ultrasound biofeedback. Several speechlanguage
pathologists and researchers have begun to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound in intervention for speech
sound disorders. Current research, however, is limited in populations investigated (e.g., normal hearing, articulation disorders,
CAS), error sounds targeted (e.g., primarily residual /r/) and participant age ranges (e.g., late elementary and adolescents)
included. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound biofeedback as a tool for speech intervention in
young children with hearing loss and with cleft palate. Two female children with cochlear implants and two male children with
cleft palate, whose age ranged from 4 year 10 months and 6 years 5 months, participated in two single subjects multiple baseline
design studies. A GE Logic E ultrasound with an 8c transducer was used. 30-minute treatment sessions were conducted twice
a week for 10 weeks. Various speech sounds were targeted. We found gains in production accuracy for target sounds that were
previously resistant treatment in the children with hearing loss. Speech intervention for children with cleft palate is still in
progress and will be fully completed by May 2017. Based on currently available results, ultrasound is indicated as a potentially
effective tool for the treatment of speech error sounds in young children. The findings in this study were consistent with the
findings of previous studies.
Sue Ann S Lee is an Associate Professor in the Department of Speech, Language & Hearing Sciences at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, USA. She has earned her Master’s degree from The Ohio State University and her PhD in Speech Pathology at the University of Texas at Austin. Her research interest lies in speech characteristics in children with and without speech sound disorders and bilingualism. Her recent research focuses on examining speech therapy efficacy using various technologies such as ultrasound and telepractice. Her work has been published in multiple high impact journals such as the Journal of Child Language and Journal of Speech-Language and Hearing Research. She currently serves as an Editorial Board Member of Clinical Archives of Communication Disorders and Journal of Communication Disorders and Assistive Technology.