Design Of Nanocomposites By Interfacing Biopolymers With Metal Oxides And Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) | 57995
Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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Biopolymer-based materials have received increasing attention for potential applications in energy, medicine and environment
domains. The main advantage of using macromolecules of natural origin is related to their chemical complexity and selfassembly
properties, for which no synthetic equivalent is usually available, together with their large abundance and nonfossil
origin, two key aspects for the synthesis of green materials. The development of bio-elastomers usually requires their
reinforcement by appropriate fillers that enhance the mechanical properties and impart new physico-chemical properties
(catalytic, optical, magnetic, gas separation, etc.). In this presentation, we will focus on functional nanocomposites prepared
by assembling biopolymers with different types of inorganic fillers including metal oxides, polyoxometalates and metal organic
frameworks. First, by combining gelatin with a large range of polyoxometalates of different charge density, bio-elastomers with
tunable mechanical properties were prepared by a complex coacervation process. Due to cost-effectiveness, ease of preparation
and biocompatibility, these nanocomposites may present great potential as modified electrodes for detection as well as drug
carriers or scaffolds for tissue engineering. More recently, our interest was also devoted on composite membranes prepared by
combining porous metal polycarboxylate based MOFs and biopolymers for gas separation application. An approach integrating
advanced characterization tools was developed at the colloidal level to characterize the microstructural and physico-chemical
properties of these materials. Indeed, one critical issue of this family of materials concerns the chemical and thermodynamic
compatibility between polymers and inorganic particles that drive both the polymer microstructure (degree of crystallinity,
cross-link/entanglement density, confinement effect, etc.) and the dispersion of nanofillers.
Nathalie Steunou is a Professor at the Institute of Lavoisier from the University of Versailles St Quentin-en-Yvelines-Université Paris Saclay, France since 2010. She was an Assistant Professor for about 11 years at the Pierre-and-Marie-Curie University in the Laboratory Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris. She has acquired a strong expertise in the Chemistry of Hybrid Materials based on metal oxides, metal organic frameworks and biopolymers for different applications in the domains of energy, environment and medicine. She is co-author of more than 60 papers.