Analysis On Psychological Stress And Its Affecting Factors To Mine Rescue Personnel | 2790
Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
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Objectives: To investigate psychological stress and influence factors on the mine emergency rescue personnel.
Method: 564 mine emergency rescue personnel from a rescue group were select as subjects, and 60 designers from a steel
design institute were as controls. Self-made questionnaire and general job stress questionnaire were used to investigate the
basic information, rescue history, psychosomatic symptoms, depression symptoms, daily job stress and negative emotions of
emergency rescue personnel. SPSS17.0 software was used to analysis the psychological stress on the mine rescue personnel and
its influence factors.
Results: The detection rate (41.94%) of depression symptoms in rescue team was higher than that of controls (24.90%). The score
of daily job stress was higher than that of logistical support. The older age group with higher negative emotional and daily job
stress than the younger. The highest negative emotion was in age group of more than 40 years old. The highest score of daily job
stress was in ≤30 years old. The score of depression and psychosomatic symptoms were higher than those of the college and the
above. The scores of depression in group of duration of rescue <10 years was higher than that of duration≥10 years. The score of
daily job stress is the lowest in rescue for 1 to 2 times per year and the highest in group of simulation training once a month. The
score of daily job stress and depressive symptoms were getting higher with the extension of combat duty time. This study did not
find the impact of life events on psychological stress of the rescue crew.
Conclusions: Mine rescue team has more psychological stress than controls. The psychological stress of the mine crew is related
to the different types of work, age, educational level, duration of rescue, times of rescue, training and combat readiness duty time.
Keywords: Mine emergency rescue personnel; Psychological stress; Depression
Sanqiao Yao, Professor, is a Ph.D., Director of Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Hebei United University, Member of
standing committee of Radical Preventive Medicine Society, China Preventive Medical Association, Member of Occupational Medicine Society,
China Coal Labor Protection Association & Occupational Psychology and Stress Group, China Occupational Health and Medicine Association,
Member of the editorial board of Chinese Preventive Medicine, Reviewer of China Occupational Medicine, Toxicology Letter, Environ Monitoring &
Assessment and Biomedicine & Environ Science. Research focus.
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