Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
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Work engagement is an important representation of occupational health. The introduction of engagement as a positive
antipode of burnout indicates a transition from negative to positive occupational health psychology. The development
of job burnout induced heated debate in the field of occupational health psychology. However, to our knowledge, there is no
literature investigating the development of engagement with regard to its three dimensions. The goal of our present study was to
examine the three dimensions of burnout and engagement in a dynamic light in a three-wave longitudinal design. Considering
the likely opposite nature of the core dimensions of burnout and engagement, we compared developing sequences of burnout and
engagement in a three-wave longitudinal design based on Maslach?s model (1982) and Golembiewski?s model (1984). We collected
responses from 158 IT employees in China. Using M-plus 5.0, we compared four models: the Vigor-Dedication-Absorption
model of engagement, the Dedication-Absorption-Vigor model of engagement, the Dedication-Absorption-Vigor model of
engagement, and the Vigor- Absorption-Dedication model of engagement. The results of the model comparisons revealed that
the data were best fit by the Vigor- Dedication-Absorption model. The results provide useful references for the promotion work
engagement and pathways to occupational health.
Yiqun Gan is a Professor at the Department of Psychology, Peking University, China. She has received her Ph.D. in the Chinese University of Hong
Kong in 1998. She has published over 70 research papers, among which 18 were on internationally referred journals as the first or corresponding
author. She has been in charge of a number of research projects, including projects funded by Natural Science Foundation of China. She serves
on the executive editorial board of "Chinese Journal of Mental Health" and is a reviewer for 17 international journals. Her research area focuses on
coping, mental health, and job burnout.
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