Knowledge, Awareness And Compliance With Standard Precautions Among Health Workers In North Eastern Nigeria | 2853
Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
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Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of various occupational hazards in the hospital, including exposure to blood
borne infections such as Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) infection from
sharps injuries and contact with body fluids. Compliance on the part of Healthcare workers (HCWs) with standard precautions
has been recognized as being an efficient means to prevent and control healthcare associated infections.
Objective: To assess knowledge, awareness and compliance of universal precautions among health workers in north eastern
Method: This is a crossectional study conducted between March and August 2010. A 32-item self-administered questionnaire
and observational checklist were used to obtain information from the health workers. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 17
and the level of significant was at p-value of <0.05
Results: Less than one-fifth (13%) of the respondents have adequate knowledge of universal precautions with females (67.8%)
better than the males (32.2%) (p<0.05). Nurses (85.7%), midwifes (80.2%) and community health officers (69.8%) were very
knowledgeable of universal precautions compared with other studied health workers. Those with ten years and above working
experience had a high level of awareness of universal precautions than those with below five years (p<0.05). Compliance with the
use of sterile gloves, handling and disposal of needles and other sharp objects was higher than the knowledge of these procedures
recorded (p<0.05) especially among those with experience of ten years and above.
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