Prevalence Of Metabolic Syndrome And Cardiovascular Factors Associated With Its Component In The Agricultural And Fishing Population | 2828
Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
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Objectives: This study is conducted to explore the gender difference of prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular
factors associated with its component in the Chinese occupational population.
Methods: The study participants were conducted with a total of 6,693 (4101 males and 2592 females) healthy subjects voluntarily
admitted to a teaching hospital for a physical check-up in 2010. Demographic and blood samples results were collected. The
definition of metabolic syndrome is according to the criteria proposed by International Diabetes Federation in 2005.
Result: The mean age of study participants is 68.78?9.31 years. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is 23.3% and female
(25.8%) is significantly higher than male (21.7%) (p<0.01). Based on the components of the abnormal criteria of metabolic
syndrome, the results show that the highest proportion is waist circumference, higher triglyceride, and fasting blood glucose
(9.1%) in male and higher waist circumference, higher triglyceride, and higher total cholesterol (13.0%) in female. From the
multiple logistic regression, gender difference is found in associated factors related to metabolic syndrome after adjustment for
confounding factors. The abnormal waist circumference is the most significant risk factor related to metabolic syndrome both in
the male (OR=1.20, 95%CI: 1.17-1.23) and in the female (OR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.14-1.19).
Conclusion: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome showed the gender difference in this study. Higher waist circumference is the
most significant risk factor related to metabolic syndrome. In order to prevent the incident metabolic syndrome, to encourage
this sub-population with the exercise habit, dietary improvement, and controlled central obesity is important.
Chia-Ling Hsu, is studying in Fu-Jen Catholic University of Institute of Public Health. She is 24 years old and her research interests include
occupational epidemiology, Public Health and Environmental Health.
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