Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
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A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the seroprevalence of and risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies
in 260 blood donors seen at blood banks in Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt. Blood donors were interviewed about
sociodemographic characteristics and risk factors for T. gondii infection. A blood sample was taken to document their T. gondii
antibody status using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Overall, 155 (59.6%) of 260 blood donors were positive for anti-T.
gondii IgG antibodies. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between T. gondii seropositivity
and eating meat by-products (luncheon/shawerma) (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 80.82 [95% CI 18.62-350.81], P < 0.0001) or being
non-educated (adjusted OR 32.25 [95% CI 7.46-139.44], P < 0.0001). These findings highlight that T. gondii is prevalent among
blood donors in Egypt.
Dr. Nashwa Khayrat Abousamra is the Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Pathology and General Medicine, faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.
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