Prevention Of Occupational Transmission Of HIV/Aids Infection Among Health Workers In Secondary Health Facilities In Abuja, Nigeria | 2849
Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
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Health care workers, especially who deal with large number of HIV infected patients are at risk of becoming infected with
HIV as a result of their professional activities. This study assessed health workers? prevention of exposure to HIV infection
during the course of their duties in HIV/AIDS clinic at secondary health facilities in Abuja, Nigeria. The study employed a
descriptive cross-sectional design. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 323 health workers using the
random sampling technique. The instrument measured socio-demographic variables, knowledge of HIV/AIDS infection and
transmission, precautionary measures adopted and post-exposure prophylaxis. Data were analysed electronically. Statistical
significance was placed at p<0.05. More than three-fifth (62.2%) of the respondents were nurses while only 21% of respondent
were doctor. Nearly all of the respondents knew the various methods of transmission of HIV/AID infection. Eighty eight
respondents (26.0%) recapped their needles and other sharps while fourty-one percent of the health workers kept their sharps
in the dust bin. Forty one percent of health workers reported ever had facilities for post-exposure prophylaxis in their hospital.
Forty-three percent of the health workers who had been exposed reported their exposure immediately whereas forty percent of
them did not receive any treatment despite reporting their exposure. This study concluded that a high percentage of the health
workers in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja were at risk of HIV/AID infection and transmission due to failure to follow the
recommended universal precautions, report exposure and lack of facilities for post-exposure prophylaxis in the health facilities.
Ajao Kayode Olusola holds a Master of Public health and Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor Surgery from Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife,
Nigeria. He was also trained as a food scientist at Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria. He successfully served as a Programme Officer
on Research and Knowledge Management for Population and Reproductive Health Programme, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife supported by
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA. He is currently a doctoral student at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He has a
considerable experience in planning and implementing research and health programs.
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