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Alcohol Exposure Suppresses Neural Crest Cells Generation And Differentiation During Early Chick Embryo | 94980

Clinical Neuropsychology: Open Access
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Alcohol exposure suppresses neural crest cells generation and differentiation during early chick embryo

8th Global Experts Meeting on Advances in Neurology and Neuropsychiatry

Ping Zhang

Jinan University, China

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: ClinNeuropsychol

DOI: 10.4172/2472-095X-C1-003

Abstract
It is now known that excess alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) in which several characteristic craniofacial abnormalities are often visible. However, the molecular mechanisms of how excess ethanol exposure affects Cranial Neural Crest Cells (CNCCs), the progenitor cells of the cranial skeleton, is still not clear. In the study, we investigated the effects of ethanol exposure on CNCCs migration both in early chick embryo and in vitro explant culture. First of all, we demonstrated that ethanol treatment caused alizarin red-stained craniofacial developmental defects including parietal defect. Second, immunofluorescent staining with neural crest special markers indicated that CNCCs generation was inhibited by ethanol exposure. Double immunofluorescent stainings (Ap-2?/PHIS3, HNK1/BrdU and AP-2?/c-caspase3) revealed that ethanol exposure inhibited CNCCs proliferation and increased apoptosis. In addition, it inhibited NCCs production by repressing the expression level of key transcription factors which regulate neural crest development by altering expression of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT)-related adhesion molecules in the developing neural crests. In sum, we have provided experimental evidence that excess ethanol exposure during embryogenesis disrupts CNCCs survival, EMT and migration, which in turn causes defective cranial bone development.
Biography

Ping Zhang is a graduate student in Jinan University, China, currently working in the Key Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine of the Ministry of Education and Division of Histology & Embryology. Maintaining a high degree of enthusiasm and professional research attitude, she is been devoted into the program “Alcohol exposure induces chick craniofacial bone defects by negatively affecting cranial neural crest development” and has published the research results on Toxicology Letters.

E-mail: [email protected]

 

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