Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
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Being a disaster-prone country, nearly one million people have been killed in Bangladesh by cyclones since 1820. Cyclonic
storms have always been a major concern to coastal plains and offshore islands of Bangladesh. At least 54 damaging cyclones
were reported in the coastal area of Bangladesh from 1793 to 2009 estimating once in every 4 years. Coastal community of
Moheshkhali Island is adversely affected by natural disasters since time immemorial. Community livelihood data collected with
309 questionnaires from household heads of eight vulnerable and exposed coastal villages and 24 focused group discussion
representing various social groups of the Island is the important milestone of the study. Fishing with traditional boat and
gear in the Bay of Bengal was identified as the main income generation option of men where sea salt extraction, agriculture,
trading and day labor were found as supporting occupations. Family care and cooking food are the prime duty of women.
Early marriage, multi-marriage and dowry system have been recognized in the island. Most of the houses are bamboo fence
and mud wall with straw roof having poor sanitary system. Coastal erosion, tidal surge, salinity increase, fisheries decline and
anomalies in weather pattern were identified as the most severe problems where as absence of cyclone shelter, lack of road
network, shortage of primary school and absence of hospital facility in the locality were other problems. Data analysis revealed
that embankment construction in exposed coastal zone with mangrove plantation, weather forecasting in local language, life
jackets in fishing boat, solar panel for electricity supply, health facilities with medical centers, cyclone shelter during disaster
events and enhanced education program are essential. Temperature and sunshine illustrated increasing trends where as rainfall
and humidity showed decreasing trends over the two decades showing clear indication of warming the environment that
coincided with global trends.
Nani Gopal Das obtained MSc in Zoology with fisheries specialization from the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh in 1968, Masters in Aquaculture from the University
of the Philippines in 1985, Diploma in Aquaculture (Senior Aquaculturist) from the South-East Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC), Philippines in the
same year and PhD in Marine Science (Amphipoda: Crustacea) from the University of Kolkata, India in 1998. He had been engaged in teaching on marine fisheries
resources and coastal aquaculture and actively involved in research on the above-mentioned subjects in the Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University
of Chittagong since 1976 and published more than 70 research papers and ten books/bulletins especially on hatchery operation and management, shrimp
diseases, artificial feed formulation, larval rearing, hormone treatment of shrimp, mollusk and fish, environmental impact assessment and integrated coastal zone
management (ICZM) in national and international journals. He served as a national consultant for shrimp culture in a FAO/UNDP project for two and half months
in 1994. He has been served as a course teacher of a training course on ?Fry production, hatchery operation and management of ?Penaeus monodon? project
organized by ADB Hatchery, DFO, in Cox?s Bazar, Bangladesh. He has participated in a series of workshop at home and abroad. Moreover, He has been served as
a reviewer of research articles on biological sciences in both National and International Journals. Recently he has been served as resource person on aquaculture
to teach the M. Phil students and as their research adviser in the Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, Karachi University, Pakistan.
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