Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
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A 7.6 at the rector earthquake of 2005 in Pakistan destroyed more than 600,000 houses, 5000 schools and 2700 health facilities
in the area covering 30,000 square km, equal to the size of New Zealand . Most of the houses were located in the rural areas
i.e. on the mountains or inside the deep mountainous valleys. However, the three major urban settlements in the area, the towns
of Balakot, Muzafferabad and Bagh were badly affected. The ill-fated town of Balakot with estimated population of 37,000 was
destroyed completely. 5000 people died and 95% of the infrastructure facilities were destroyed. The national and international
consortium of specialists confirmed that the town is located on two major fault lines, running parallel all along the town. These
fault lines originate from central Asia region enters Pakistan from the North West direction and pass through the towns of
Balakot, Muzaffarabad and Bagh. To rehabilitate these towns and to provide safe living environments to the affected people
living in the world?s one of the most remotest areas in Northern Pakistan; Urban Development Strategy was formulated and
launched by the Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority. In this paper an attempt has been made to highlight
the components of Urban Development Strategy and its implementation methodology.
Earthquake, Northern Pakistan, Fault Lines, Balakot Town, Urban Development Strategy,Earthquake Reconstruction
and Rehabilitation Authority.
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