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Coastal Hazards And Marine Environment Protection | 9453
ISSN: 2155-9910

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
Open Access

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Coastal hazards and marine environment protection

International Conference on Oceanography & Natural Disasters

Bamidele Mayowa A Elijah

Posters: J Marine Sci Res Dev

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9910.S1.003

Abstract
Coastal Hazards are define as natural and manmade disasters occur along the coastline, in which the environments are affected. Man made Hazards can be classified as following or know as discharge of ballast, illegal bunkering, dropping of home refuse, dumping of rubbish from vessels, as well as spills of oil and other harmful substances, release of energy or waste chemical from offshore. Most of the man made listed are major problem occur in West Africa especially Lagos state Nigeria because of Lack of understand and inadequately education for the people living near the coastal region and most seaman are not enough enlighten. A lot of company don't follow the rules and no enough control from maritime management to the offshore company. Also coastal population growth and development along the coasts is known as manmade coastal hazard, In west Africa Nigerian and some others, 40% of people build house near the ocean and some part in Lagos are build Plank house and market by along the coastal line and the large city in the most country in the world are build and based on coasts due to the economics. This is one of major role in today's society and community because is noe become human nature to live near or along the coast. Natural hazards, Natural hazards are disasters that are out of human control and are usually caused by the weather. and not limited to; surge. storms, tsunamis, typhoons, flooding, tides, waterspouts, nor'easters, and storm. Marine Environment Protection and control, 1. The government must implent laws that will bound people to drop waste into water and establish more security a lot the coasts line,, such as coast guide, Especially in West Africa, 2. All vessels, from the smallest recreational boat to the largest containership must comply with the environmental regulations 3. To provide civil and criminal penalties for illegal acts Government should give back and support maritime management to control discharges of waste, including oil, chemicals and garbage. Anyone who breaks these rules could have big fines to pay. 4. Surveillance marine environment need to protect by conducting Pollution over flights, Harbor patrols, Facility inspections, Vessel boarding, Transfer monitoring 5. Maritme management and Government should organize body that will enlighten the ignorance and people live in coast to aware on rules and regulation of pollution and give them little educated about pollution
Biography
Bamidele Mayowa A Elijah has complete his National Diploma at age of 26 years from Federal college of Fisheries and Marine technology and later proceed to Nigerian Maritime to obtain STCW 95 and also in Regional Maritime Academy to obtain professional course, he is member of Nigerian Merchant Navy and he been promoted as chief officer on board vessel.
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