Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Engaging Mothers For Child Nutrition: Qualitative Insights From A Mixed-methods Impact Evaluation Of A Community-based Health Literacy Intervention | 94664
Epidemiology: Open Access
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Statement of the problem: Evaluation of public health interventions focuses on assessing magnitude of outcome/s but less on the
underlying mechanism that explains the ???black-box??? in pathway/s that connect the intervention to the outcome; which is relevant
for improving intervention design and scalability.
Methodology: We performed a program theory-based impact evaluation of a community-based health literacy intervention set
in a socially disadvantaged area of Ahmedabad city, India. The intervention focused on improving nutrition, and health of underthree
children by empowering their mothers with knowledge and skills through context-based participatory group activities in
a few slums. We use the findings from the qualitative strand of this mixed-methods evaluation and unpack the mechanisms of
action of the intervention. Data from 13 focus group discussions and 69 semi-structured interviews with participant mothers was
analyzed using qualitative content analysis.
Findings: Encouragement and/or help with household work from their family motivated mothers??? engagement. Intervention design
elements such as scheduling meeting in consultation with the mothers, a rarity in India, maximized participation by overcoming
gender-related mobility restrictions and ensured convenience. Model-based demonstrations resulted in better understanding,
retention and application of messages. Collective efforts in following intervention-recipes, and observing children liking the
dishes, instilled confidence in mothers to replicate them at home. Mothers formed innovative partnerships to overcome resource
constraints such as taking turns in trying recipes and sharing the food with children of a few families. Mothers also noticed
program rewards such as reduced intake of outside food by children which helped save money.
Conclusion & Significance: Qualitative findings revealed a complex interplay of multiple factors related to participants and program
delivery, which facilitated mother???s engagement. These findings are used to explain the impact of this complex intervention in a
resource-poor setting. These insights may help improve intervention design and scalability in low and middle-income countries.
1. Johri M, et al. (2016) Maternal health literacy is associated with early childhood nutritional status in India, The Journal of Nutrition
2. Johri M, et al. (2015) Association between maternal health literacy and child vaccination in India: a cross-sectional study. J Epidemiol
Community Health 69:849???857.
3. Subramanyam MA, et al. (2011) "Is economic growth associated with reduction in child undernutrition in India?", PLoS Medicine
4. Subramanyam MA and Subramanian S V. (2011) "Nothing misleading about the lack of an association between economic growth
and child undernutrition in India: A reply to Deonarine", PLoS Medicine 8(3): e1000424.
5. Pahwa S, Kumar G T and Toteja G S (2010) Performance of a community-based health and nutrition-education intervention in the
management of diarrhoea in a slum of Delhi, India. International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh 28(6):553???559.
Ankita Shah is a doctoral research scholar at Indian Institute of Technology- Gandhinagar, India. Her doctoral research work is centered around evaluation of health literacy interventions in resource poor settings. She has Masters in Public Health (MPH) degree with majors in Social Epidemiology from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. She has experience of designing and carrying out public health research in community settings in resource poor urban and rural areas in India. Her previous research includes health behavior research as well as assessment of prevalence and social determinants of child health and nutiriton. She has presented her research work at various conferences. She has 4 years of experience working with the government and non-governmental organztion on planning, implementation and monitoring of public health programs in urban and rural areas. She has developed grant proposals and has co-taught public health nutrition course to post-graduate students.