Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
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20 percent of the protein in the world comes from the sea. And if we cannot maintain this wealth, all of us can feel the loss.
Fisheries management should be considered in terms of the ecosystem because fish of one species alters the ocean food
chain as a whole - and sometimes we do not have enough data to prepare the necessary recommendations. This approach is
called Ecosystem Based Fishery Management - EBFM. Comprehensive ecosystem approach to fisheries management requires
that address interactions with predators and stock competitors, availability of food, the effects of weather and climate on
fisheries; complex relationship between the target species and their habitats, and the impact of fishing on fish stocks and
habitat. Arctic and adjacent waters are home to several large stocks of white fish (Walleye Pollock, Atlantic and Pacific cod,
haddock, and herring and Pacific salmon). Due to climate change the area of Arctic ice is reduced, there is more open space
for fishing. Long-term sustainable use of fisheries resources in the traditional fishing areas and new Arctic ones requires a
comprehensive, ecosystem-based planning. EBFM become common practice in the world. It is designed to regulate fishing
in the overall scheme of conservation, balancing their service with the competing interests of natural resources. Management
of fisheries- is part of the so-called system integrated (or integral-ocean integral management) management of resources of
the sea, not just biological. WWF is working to implement EBFM in two large so-called eco-regions: the Barents Sea and the
Bering Sea (the latter includes the Bering and Okhotsk Sea). There are several systems of "green audit" of fishing, of which the
most reliable is the certification to the Marine Stewardship Council (Marine Stewardship Council - MSC). Marine Stewardship
Council program was founded in 1997 with the largest buyer of frozen fish -the Unilever Company- and WWF. It is based on
an independent assessment by a third party and it is voluntary. Fisheries are assigned to the three main principles and criteria
State of the stock
The impact of fishing on the ecosystem
WWF as stakeholders is actively involved in the certification of fisheries in different regions of the ocean. The participation of
non-governmental organizations makes the certification process more objective and accurate. Although these parameters are
not included in the assessment system MSC, you still need to pay more attention to environmental pollution (emissions of CO2
and lost fishing gear). In general, in our view, "greening" the impact of fishing gear - is a big topic for another conversation.
Responsible fishermen recognize the need to improve the practice of monitoring and management of fisheries. Let's work
together for the conservation of living marine resources of the Russian seas for our future!
Konstantine Zgurovskiy was graduated from the Far East University in 1976 as a Zoologist and pursued Post-graduation course at the Institute of Marine Biology
in 1985-1988. He spent two years in Japanese Center in Vladivostok for Japanese language lessons and several training business programs on international trade
and management in 1995-1997. In 1998 he studied management in the Mitsubishi Research Institute (Tokyo). He was given IREX four month fellowship in the WWF
US Headquarters, NOAA Center and University of Washington in Seattle in 2001.
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