Impacts Of Artificial Reef Spatial Configuration On Infaunal Community Structure-Southeastern Brazil | 18460
ISSN: 2155-9910

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
Open Access

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Impacts of artificial reef spatial configuration on infaunal community structure-Southeastern Brazil

2nd International Conference on Oceanography

Lucia Ver?osa Carvalheira, Ilana Rosental Zalmon, Carlos Eduardo de Rezende, Phillipe Machado Mota and Tito C?sar Marques de Almeida

Posters: J Marine Sci Res Dev

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9910.S1.007

Degree of isolation among reef modules is a habitat variable that can alter the structure and dynamics of reef-associated groups. This study evaluated the influence of the small-scale spatial distribution of artificial modules on infaunal community structure and associated it with the hydrodynamic and geochemical characteristics of the surrounding sediments and with fish predation pressure. ReefballsTM were placed on a sandy bottom on the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro in modules with a triangular set configuration with side lengths of 0.5, 5 and 15 m. The availability of potential macrobenthic prey for the reef-associated fish community was evaluated using gillnets for each inter-module distance. The input of organic matter and fine sediment into the reef complex during the rainy season favored deposit feeders. Shorter distances showed reduced fine sediment and nutrient deposition and, consequently, a lower density of deposit feeders in the infauna compared with more distant modules, which had a greater number of predators and suspension feeders. The surrounding infauna responded positively to the grain-size composition. This result suggests that transient fishes use the artificial reefs for purposes such as shelter, nursery and breeding habitats. Shifts in infaunal structure reflected the physical disturbance following the deployment of the artificial reefs and the seasonal variations but did not respond to the spatial design, showing the importance of these configuration variables and their influence on the associated infaunal community.