Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
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Saint-Louis is one of the fourteen administrative regions of Senegal. Consisting of 19,044 km? (7,353 mi?), the region is limited
on the north by the Senegal River, on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the south and in the east by other regions of the
country. There are approximately nine hundred thousand (900 000) inhabitants.
Its medical infrastructure includes 2 hospitals, 5 public health centers and 1 analysis laboratory. Private health facilities
consist of doctor?s offices, medical laboratories, and one center for biomedical research (BRC EPLS).
All these facilities together produce an enormous quantity of bio-hazardous wastes but unfortunately there is not a single
Bio-Hazardous Waste treatment unit in the entire region.
With concern for complying with Good Clinical Practices in biohazardous waster management, the EPLS Centre for
Biomedical Research has recently concluded an agreement with H?pital Principal de Dakar to dispose of biohazardous wastes at
a cost of 1,200 FCFA per kilogram, or $1.07 per pound.
The other medical facilities, such as the H?pital Regional de Saint-Louis, which produces a daily quantity of BHW infinitely
more important and whose budget does not even cover its operating requirements,, cannot afford to properly dispose of
biohazardous waste materials and are obliged to dispose of their BHW in nature (either in the river, the sea, or in the ground).
The consequences of improper disposal of untreated biohazardous wastes are harmful to both the environment and to
humans. Contagious diseases like hepatitis B or poisoning are both two of the possible consequences in humans, and small
children are especially vulnerable. In the natural environment both soil and water, whether rivers or oceans, can be contaminated,
causing harmful consequences to flora, fauna, and the food supply. In this context, it becomes urgent that Saint-Louis and the
other regions of Senegal benefit from a standardized and permanently funded Biohazardous Waste Treatment Unit that complies
with international standards.
Cheikh Saya Sow is an engineer in Hygiene Quality Safety Environment; he studied to the Polytechnic College of Cheikh Anta Diop University of
Dakar. He has besides a University Degree in Quality Management of Pierre et Marie Curie University (Paris VI). He is the Quality Responsible of
BRC EPLS which leads research projects centered on diseases connected to water (Bilharziasises, Malaria) in Senegal River valley.
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