Obesity And Overweight In Bangladeshi Children And Adolescents: A Scoping Review | 17936
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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Obesity and overweight in Bangladeshi children and adolescents: A scoping review

2nd International Conference on Epidemiology & Evolutionary Genetics

Sholeh Rahman, Md. Tauhidul Islam and Dewan S Alam

Accepted Abstracts: Epidemiol

DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.S1.009

Background: Obesity and overweight in children and adolescents is an emerging public health concern alongside under- nutrition in low and middle income countries. Our aim was to conduct a scoping review of literature to ascertain what is known about childhood and adolescent overweight and/or obesity in Bangladesh. Method: Using the scoping review based on York methodology, a comprehensive search of published academic articles, conference proceedings and grey literature was carried out through PubMed, BanglaJOL, Google and Google scholar limited to English-written papers. We summarized prevalence, risk factors and health outcomes of obesity/overweight in young children and adolescents aged between 0 to 19 years old in Bangladesh and highlighted use of different reference standards to measure childhood obesity. Results: In total 21 studies met the inclusion criteria. Nearly all of the reviewed articles used data from cross sectional studies, while only two used case-control design. Overall thirteen studies (62%) were primary research and eight (38%) included secondary data. Studies indicated an increasing trend in childhood obesity over time. Prevalence ranged from less than 1% to 17.9% based on different reference standards, with higher percentage amongst urban children across different age groups and sexes. Conclusion: This review demonstrated paucity of comprehensive literature on childhood obesity in Bangladesh, which might be explored through population-based prospective studies based on strong methodology and uniform reference standards. Sustainable and scalable preventative measures targeting high risk groups are required to avoid further rise.
Sholeh Rahman is a Dental Surgeon with MPH degree from Dhaka, Bangladesh and she is working as a junior Researcher at CCCD.