Obesity And Overweight In Bangladeshi Children And Adolescents: A Scoping Review | 17936
Epidemiology: Open Access
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Obesity and overweight in children and adolescents is an emerging public health concern alongside under-
nutrition in low and middle income countries. Our aim was to conduct a scoping review of literature to ascertain what is
known about childhood and adolescent overweight and/or obesity in Bangladesh.
Using the scoping review based on York methodology, a comprehensive search of published academic articles,
conference proceedings and grey literature was carried out through PubMed, BanglaJOL, Google and Google scholar limited to
English-written papers. We summarized prevalence, risk factors and health outcomes of obesity/overweight in young children
and adolescents aged between 0 to 19 years old in Bangladesh and highlighted use of different reference standards to measure
In total 21 studies met the inclusion criteria. Nearly all of the reviewed articles used data from cross sectional studies,
while only two used case-control design. Overall thirteen studies (62%) were primary research and eight (38%) included
secondary data. Studies indicated an increasing trend in childhood obesity over time. Prevalence ranged from less than 1% to
17.9% based on different reference standards, with higher percentage amongst urban children across different age groups and
This review demonstrated paucity of comprehensive literature on childhood obesity in Bangladesh, which might
be explored through population-based prospective studies based on strong methodology and uniform reference standards.
Sustainable and scalable preventative measures targeting high risk groups are required to avoid further rise.
Sholeh Rahman is a Dental Surgeon with MPH degree from Dhaka, Bangladesh and she is working as a junior Researcher at CCCD.
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