Risk Factors For American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis Transmission In Equator, South America | 12903
Epidemiology: Open Access
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n Equator, American tegumentaryleishmaniasis (ATL) has been expanding to urban districts and little is known about the
epidemiology. We investigated the profile of 1081 peoples from urban endemic districts, through epidemiologicalsurveyincluding
assessment of attitudes, knowledge and practices (KAP) against the disease. The results showed that 15.7% suffered ATL, 41.4%
were male, 52.2% female, 88.5% mulattos, 46% have only elementary school, 36.6% High school, 11.9% superior education, and
only 3.3% were illiterates, 38.7% received only minimum wage, 22.1% less of minimum wage, and 52.8% are laborers. Respect
to housing, 48.7% have cement and brick houses, with drinking water, sewerage and municipal garbage collection services in
73.4%, 64.4% and 86.7% of cases respectively. 87.4% have the presence of backyard,75.4% with earthen floor, 59.4% with shaded
and 50.8% with moist. We identify the domestics animals predominantly dogs (56.4%) and chickens (37%). The animal waste is
thrown into the yard(45.4%). Between 18 to 22 h, 87.7% of people stay indoors and 51.9% use insecticides.The Logistic univariate
regression revealed that 70.4% of the interviewees have knowledge about Leishmaniasis (p= 0.000, OR= 0,221)and the not
knowledge of preventions measures in 45.2% of cases shown to bea risk factor (p= 0.000; OR= 3.016). The knowledge of using
insecticide inside house (p= 0.001; OR= 0,471) nets and awning (p= 0.000; OR= 0.471) could protect the people against ATL. Our
results showed that Equator had a socioeconomic improvements but still a lack of knowledge of preventive measures against ATL.
Gulnara Patricia Borja Cabrera is MD in Medicine, MSc, and PhD in Pathology at the UFF (Brazil) & Was Post Doc at UFRJand UFMG(Brazil). She was Professor at UFRJ from 2006-2010. She Was actively involved in the development of the first second-generation licensed vaccine against canine visceral leishmaniasis Leishmune? and a 3rd generation vaccine against the disease. Until 2012, She was Full time Professor at UNIVALE, Brazil and currently she is a Prometeo researcher in the National Secretary of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation- Central University of Equator, Medical Sciences Faculty. She has published more than 21 papers in reputed journals.
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