Seasonal And Interannual Variability Of The Surface Mixed Layer Heat Budget In The Caribbean Sea | 18489
Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
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The seasonal and interannual variations of the mixed layer depth (MLD) and the heat stored within this layer inthe Caribbean
Sea have been investigated from temperature and salinity profiles obtained from the high resolution (daily; 0.25?lat/lon)
GLORYS-Mercator reanalysis model data for the 1992-2009 period.In this region the MLD is relatively shallow, oscillating
from 10 to 90 m depth during the annual cycle, with the maximum values observed during the dry season (December to
March). Spatially, the highest (lowest) depths were found in the northwestern (coastal region), in agreement with the wind
stress curl pattern which induces down welling (upwelling) of the Ekman layer, respectively. The MLD oscillations depend on
the intensity of the zonal winds and the location of the Caribbean Low Level Jet (CLLJ). The isothermal layer depth was found
to be deeper than the MLD. These differences in depth have been associated with the presence of sub-superficial temperature
inversions. The barrier layer depth can reach up to 60 m. Data show no significant differences of the MLD due to El Ni?o-
La Ni?a (ENSO) events, but rather a Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) is observed to influence this region at interannual
timescales. The seasonal ocean heat stored within the mixed layer oscillated between -285 y 240Wm
. During the dry season
(rainy season), when the MLD is deep (shallow) the region loses (gains) heat. This is determined by air-water fluxes being the
net short wave radiation the main gain, and the latent heat the main loss at both timescales.
Raul A Montoya is an Oceanographer that has recently (April 2014) completed his Master degree in Engineering of Hydraulic Resources from the National
University of Colombia, in Medellin and this research is part of his thesis. He is now starting his PhD studies in the same educational institution and is part of
the OCEANICOS research group of Oceanography and Coastal Engineering. He has participated in several investigations and is co-author of many papers in
oceanography and renewable energy journals.
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