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species are responsible for brucellosis, one of the world?s major zoonotic diseases causing abortion in domestic animals
and a potential debilitating infection of human. Bovine brucellosis leads to serious economic losses due to late-term abortion,
stillbirth, weak calves and sterility. In Guinea, the data on brucellosis are not elucidative. It was only detected as far back as 30
years ago. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of bovine brucellosis in the provinces of Macenta and Yomou
in Guinea. A structured questionnaire was used in the clinical study and 345 cattle were clinically examined. 300 serum samples
were subjected initially to the Rose Bengale test (RBT), the positive results of which were confirmed by the Complement Fixation
test (CFT). The questionnaire indicated that farmers had little information on brucellosis. Hygroma, abortion, sterility, placental
retention were the observed symptoms. For the RBT, 35 positive cases were detected with 20 (13.33%) and 9 (6%) in Macenta and
Yomou, respectively. Of the 29 RBT-positive serum samples, 26 (18 and 8 for Macenta and Yomou, respectively) were confirmed
to be positive by the CFT. The prevalence of brucellosis in the provinces Macenta and Yomou was 12% and 5.33%, respectively.
Brucellosis existed in the both provinces of with a prevalence of 8.67%. This study highlighted the immediate necessity to carry
out a strengthened surveillance of human and animal brucellosis to obtain as many data as possible in order to establish strategies
for prevention, surveillance, and management of brucellosis in Guinea.
Seroprevalence, Brucellosis, Guinea.
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