Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
GET THE APP
Socio-economic Consequences Of Oil Pollution On Marine Biotopes On Small-scale Fishers In Niger Delta, Nigeria | 18478
Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Oil pollution constitutes a threat to fishing and livelihood of small?scale fishers living on various marine biotopes in Nigeria,
particularly the Niger Delta region, which are often locations of massive oil deposits. The socio-economic consequence
of endemic oil pollution in this region was investigated. The study collected information from 250 small-scale fisherfolks in
two communities using the semi-structured interviews contrasted with field observations. Data collected was analyzed by use
of the descriptive statistical tools as well as chi square correlation coefficient and regression analysis. The results show that
damages to fishing equipment, tainting and contamination of fin-fish, shell fish and farmlands, result in economic losses and
health problems among the fishers. These problems are complicated by lack of alternative livelihood among them which result
mainly in persistent poverty. This poverty in turn, can be traced to low education and absence of skills (apart from artisan
fishing) and massive corruption among their leaders. For these fishers to exist, they now imbibe various negative activities,
such as bunking, vandalism, kidnapping, smuggling and gun running. The paper concludes that endemic oil pollution has
devastating effects on small-scale fishers by destroying their principal sources of protein, resulting in health and livelihood
problems. There is need for government with all other stakeholders to take appropriate measures to restore all the ecosystems
of oil producing areas as an essential precursor to poverty elevation in these areas.
O A Olopade obtained a PhD degree in Fisheries Management in 2002 from University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He is a senior lecturer in the Department of Animal
Science and Fisheries, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. He has authored over 40 peer reviewed publications including original research papers and review
articles in various local and international journals. His current research focuses on human dimensions in fisheries.
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals