alexa
Reach Us +44-1764-910199
The Acceptability Of Risks From Natural Disasters | 9544
ISSN: 2155-9910

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

The acceptability of risks from natural disasters

International Conference on Oceanography & Natural Disasters

Don Higson

Accepted Abstracts: J Marine Sci Res Dev

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9910.S1.004

Abstract
Engineers may sometimes need to design structures for loads imposed by natural occurrences such as earthquakes and meteorological events of various kinds. However, no matter what natural event is specified as a practical design base, something worse is always physically possible. Hence, engineering standards generally imply a risk of failure due to large but unlikely external natural events. Little or no account is generally taken of earthquakes, tsunamis, tornadoes and hurricanes in areas that are judged not prone to such events. However, anything that is physically possible has a finite probability of occurring. Tsunamis are possible on any exposed coastline; earthquakes and storms can occur anywhere. The probabilities of damaging events vary enormously but are rarely zero. So, how big a risk is acceptable? The acceptance of a risk by society depends more strongly on the nature of the risk than its size. For example, the earthquake and tsunamis at Fukushima on 11 March 2011 killed more than 15,000 people and caused enormous damage but Japan apparently plans to rebuild the urban areas and most of the industries that were destroyed. On the other hand, radiation from the damaged nuclear power station killed no-one but there is a strong body of opinion in Japan that the nation should reduce its dependence on nuclear power and perhaps eliminate it altogether. This would mean burning more fossil fuels, with increased industrial risks, environmental damage and harm to public health. Fear of radiation is thus having severe social and economic consequences for Japan, and it has dominated public, media and political reactions to the Fukushima disaster worldwide, although the actual levels of risk from radiation were small. In many parts of the world, even where no precautions are taken against tsunamis in the planning of coastal communities, fear generated by damage to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant by a tsunami has turned public opinion against nuclear power. Germany, Italy and possibly Switzerland have turned decisively away from the use of nuclear power. Any proposal to build a nuclear power station in Australia at present (even inland) would provoke an outraged reaction, with Fukushima cited as evidence that the risk would be unacceptable. However, a recent report from the UN Scientific Committee on Risks from Atomic Radiation (2012) puts such risks into better perspective and has the potential to alleviate the fear of radiation.
Biography
Top