The Effect Of Internet-based Breast Cancer Patient’s Pathway On Breast Cancer Patients Empowering Process | 66924
Breast Cancer: Current Research
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This study was conducted to examine the effect of the breast cancer patient’s pathway program (BCPP) on breast cancer
patients’ empowering process. The ultimate goal of this study was to develop breast cancer patient education in a more
empowering direction by using the patient pathway as a patient education tool. The BCPP is an internet-based patient education
program. The structure of the BCPP is based on a flow chart diagram picture of the patient pathway during the breast cancer
care and treatment process and used with oral and written patient education. Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were
randomized to an intervention group (n=50) and control group (n=48). The patients’ knowledge expectations, perceptions
of received knowledge, knowledge level, quality of life, anxiety, and treatment-related side effects were measured during the
breast cancer treatment process. Breast cancer patients’ perceptions of received knowledge were not fulfilled; their knowledge
expectations exceed the perceived amount of received knowledge. Statistical differences were not found between the groups
in terms of quality of life, anxiety and treatment-related side effects. However, anxiety decreased faster in the intervention
group when looking at internal differences between the groups at different measurement times. In the intervention group
the relationship between the difference between knowledge expectations and perceptions of received knowledge correlated
significantly with quality of life and anxiety. Their knowledge level was also significant higher than in the control group.
These results support the theory that the empowering process requires patient’s awareness of knowledge expectations and
perceptions of received knowledge.
Anne Ryhänen has completed her PhD from University of Turku. She is the Director of Nursing in Turku City Hospital and the Clinical Teacher in Department of Nursing Science in the University of Turku. She has published more than ten papers in reputed journals. She is a Member of Empowering Patient Education research group, where she is making her postdoc study.