Community Structure And Species Composition Along A Timberline Ecotone In Upper Bhaderwah Valley In Jammu And Kashmir, Northwestern Himalayas, India | 10354
ISSN: 2157-7625

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Open Access

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Community structure and species composition along a timberline ecotone in upper Bhaderwah valley in Jammu and Kashmir, northwestern Himalayas, India

2nd International Conference on Biodiversity & Sustainable Energy Development

Neeraj Sharma

Accepted Abstracts: J Ecosys Ecograph

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7625.S1.014

The timberline in the Himalayas forms the upper limit of sub-alpine forest and represent most prominent ecological boundary. During the present investigations, six major communities have been found along the timberline ecotone within an altitudinal range of 3400 m asl to 3550 m asl in upper Bhaderwah valley of northwestern Himalayas. The Fir-Spruce community along the northern gentle aspect is moderately degraded having sharp timberline owing to its vicinity to temporary pilgrim camping sites and nomadic hutments; whereas those located opposite on moderately steeper slopes are virtually rich in species composition and diversity thus exhibiting a broader transition. The tree density, basal area and species richness was found highest in conifer - broadleaved mixed community. The IVI and TIV for woody species have been found above 200 and 75 respectively. Quercus semecarpifolia and Rhododendron campanulatum have been found the most gregarious of all woody species among the tree and shrub layers, while distribution of other species vary gently with the forest types. The herbaceous layer revealing the highest species richness and diversity comprise of the region?s highly threatened medicinal and aromatic species. The paper also highlights the threat status of plants, their ethnobotanical relevance, disturbance factors and conservation strategies for the efficient management of these vulnerable ecosystems
Neeraj Sharma is presently working as Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Life Sciences, Institute of Mountain Environment, Bhaderwah Campus, University of Jammu, he is responsible for conducting research on different facets of Himalayan environment i.e., biodiversity conservation and management, pollution monitoring, ecosystem health etc. Doctorate in Environmental Sciences from University of Jammu in year 2004, Sharma did his Post Graduation from the same University in the year 1999. Before joining the present position, Sharma served as Assistant Professor in faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Higher Education, Govt. of Jammu and Kashmir for two and half years.
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