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Information And Communication Technology (ICT) As A Tool For Climate Change Impact Assessment In Rural Areas Of Developing Countries | 4472
ISSN: 2157-7625

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Open Access

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Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a tool for climate change impact assessment in rural areas of developing countries

Biodiversity & Sustainable Energy Development-2012

Mariya Salihu Ingawa

Posters: J Ecosyst Ecogr

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7625.S1.009

Abstract
The issue of climate change and the impact of human activities on the environment and on climate change in particular are issues of growing concern confronting human life on Earth. Climate change impacts on hydrological systems and water resources compound these challenges to human settlements in rural areas of the developing countries especially in Africa. Increasing temperatures and perturbed rainfall regimes coupled with growing and increasingly urbanized populations, changing domestic, industrial and agricultural water consumption make supply and demand interactions increasingly complex and deeply uncertain. Probabilistic cost implications of these dynamics are further complicated as the regulatory functions of ecological systems, societal policies and preferences change, and new technologies are introduced. Concurrently, information and communication technologies (ICTs) are being rapidly deployed around the world to reduce the costs of gathering, processing, and disseminating information that helps assess climate change impact. Information services applicable in the rural areas such as mobile phones, radios, television, social networks and many other technologies that uses green energy which reduce greatly carbon emission can direct early warnings of inclement weather, market movements, and pest and disease outbreaks to rural areas. With an early warning, steps can be taken to limit potential losses. Rural areas can access advisory services remotely to support their decisions related to climate change impact assessment activities or to choose the most appropriate action in response to an early warning. These decision support systems are critical for transforming information into climate change impact assessment action. As ICTs require energy resources, there adoption for climate change impact assessment in rural areas of developing countries will serve as launching pad toward developing appropriate green sustainable energy sources that can reduce carbon emission which will prevent global warming and offer opportunities to store, retrieve, decimate information, monitor, learn about and protect the environment, reduce carbon emissions, and assess climate change. This paper examine ICT as a tool for efficient climate change impact assessment in rural areas of developing countries and recommend effective utilization of the technology in assessing and to reduce the impact of climate change
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