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Non-polluting Seabed Fracking Of Oil Reserves In The Great Barrier Reef Province | 49157
ISSN: 2155-9910

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
Open Access

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Non-polluting seabed fracking of oil reserves in the Great Barrier Reef province

4th International Conference on Oceanography & Marine Biology

Jesse Deschamps

USA

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Marine Sci Res Dev

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9910.C1.014

Abstract
As the world looks to new and more diverse energy sources for the future, one source that is rapidly emerging is coal seam gas (CSG). Australia has large reserves of this resource, especially offshore from Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Although gas is a fossil fuel, it is considered ‘cleaner’ than coal because it does not produce the same level of greenhouse gas emissions when burned. Fracking or hydraulic fracturing is used to improve the flow of gas from underwater formations that are difficult to access due to ocean depth and coral and rock composition. Because gas is currently cheaper than renewable energy sources, wind and solar, it is seen by many in the industry as a viable short to medium term option. Seismic surveys of its geomorphology and oceanographic studies of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) have confirmed that immense oil reserves underlie the Reef basin. Following the Australian Government’s repeal of the Great Barrier Reef (Prohibition on drilling for petroleum) regulations 1999 and a renewal of oil exploration permits that cover the GBR province, there has been an upsurge of interest in non-polluting CSG extraction. While legal prohibitions restrict large scale sediment disturbance which would lead to a decrease in water quality in the GBR Marine Park, direct habitat loss for flora and fauna and alienation of other uses of the Park, the authors have devised and tested a radical nonpolluting CSG fracking and extraction method that conforms to these stringent requirements.
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