Reconstructed Late Pleistocene Early Holocene Biodiversity Records Based On Palebiological Data From The Carpathian Basin | 17327
Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
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As a result of its unique natural endowments a boreal type of forest-steppe vegetation emerged in the Carpathian Basin
during the LGM, which was invaded by numerous thermo-mesophylous elements initiating around 16 kys cal BP.
This species-rich forest-steppe characterized by dominance of coniferous elements was transformed into a Subcontinental-
Submediterranean oak forest steppe by the beginning of the Holocene. These vegetation changes display strong affinity with
the processes observed in the Eastern European Plains at a later period. However, as a result of its geographic location, the
Carpathian Basin was characterized by an overlap of strong Atlantic, Submediterranean and Subcarpathian climatic influences
not present in Eastern European Plains. The fluctuating interface of these climatic influences numerous elements with Pontian,
Balkanic, Atlantic and Subcarpathian affinity are present in the continental forest-steppe yielding an interface and overlap of
vegetation zones in the basin similar to the system of climatic influences. According to the Holdridge classification system, the
major part of the basin is put to the transitional category found between those of cold, temperate grasslands, cold, temperate
humid woodlands and warm, temperate dry woodlands, where the first (steppe) and the last categories (dry woodland) also
turn up climatically in the form of scattered patches. This grassy area forming an ecotone between the actual grasslands and
dry and humid woodlands corresponds to the Pannonian forest-steppe vegetation of the Great Hungarian Plains. The highly
complex mosaic of woodlands, grasslands and intervening transitional ecotones hosted the first foraging Mesolithic and
farming Neolithic groups of the basin.
D?vid Moln?r has completed his PhD training in 2012 and is still working on his thesis. Now he works at the Department of Geology and Palaeontology at University
of Szeged, Hungary as an Assistant Lecturer. His field of study is Pleistocene palaeoecology based on various examination methods, such as malacology and
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