Revitalisation And Conservation Of Natural Water Bodies: A Case Of Ahmedabad City | 4590
Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
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Ahmedabad is the largest city in Gujarat. It lies at 23?
1' North and 72?
37' East on the banks of the Sabarmati River. The city
is in the region of North Gujarat, which is a plain, dry and sandy area, having maximum and minimum temperatures in the
range between 44.3?
C. The altitude of the city shows only marginal variations (46.6m to 50.9m). Except
for the small hills of Thaltej-Jodhpur Tekra, the entire surroundings of the city are flat.
The population of the Ahmedabad Urban Area (UA) in 2001 was recorded as 4.5 million. Increasing industrialization and
economic development has resulted in the steep rise in the population and consequently has also resulted into the degradation
of environment. City is left with limited natural resources like open spaces, water bodies, and places for social gathering. Here,
urban water bodies plays multifunctional role.
Large number of Natural Water Bodies (NWBs), which were once the inherent part of the city life, lost in the wake of
development. The unauthorized and unchecked water withdrawal has led to the severe problems of its fast depleting ground
Situation of NWBs in the city, in the recent past, has been very grim, with ever-decreasing number of water bodies/ talavs
(ponds). In 1865 there were 218 NWBs, which fell to 132 in 1975 and further down to 62 in 2001.
Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA) realizing the situation has taken initiatives to revitalize and conserve
NWBs and around 22 NWBs are included in the effort of rejuvenation of water bodies. The implementation started way back
in 1999. Research would discuss all the aspects of this effort; what are enabling environment, institutional mechanism, funds
generation, environmental and social and overall benefits, planning aspect, learning etc
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