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Strengthening Indigenous Informal Seed Systems In Southeast Asia | 94813
ISSN: 2157-7625

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Open Access

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Strengthening indigenous informal seed systems in Southeast Asia

7th International Conference on Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Management

Ricky M Bates

Pennsylvania State University, USA

Keynote: J Ecosyst Ecogr

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7625-C4-040

Abstract
Seed is a fundamental agriculture input and access to locally adapted, quality seed is an essential component of sustainable crop production. In much of the developing world, informal seed systems, such as farmer-to-farmer exchanges and farmer self-saved seed, are critical components of resource poor farming systems. Indeed, planted seed from this informal system comprise the majority of planted acreage in many regions of the world. This local seed production and distribution facilitates maintenance of crop biodiversity by preserving in situ locally adapted varieties and by broadening the genetic base of production with multiple varieties adapted to specific production systems and micro-climates. These informal seed systems are also critical for seed and food security during periods of instability or natural disaster, including changing environmental conditions. A rich diversity of underutilized species functions within informal seed systems in Southeast Asia and represents a valuable resource for the development and improvement of crop species. Current efforts to conserve, improve and disseminate indigenous species are failing or insufficient. To optimize these informal seed systems, research has been conducted to better understand their germplasm characteristics, distribution pathways and gatekeepers and to improve local stakeholder access to seed information and value chains. Research and extension projects to conserve and promote neglected and underutilized species within these informal seed systems have resulted in: (1) surveys of key indigenous crops and collection of local crop knowledge, (2) training and development of regional community-based seed banking enterprises, (3) seed quality conferences including seed exchange activities and (4) improved human and institutional capacity, strategically focused on entrepreneurial women.
Biography

Ricky M Bates is a Professor of Horticulture in the Department of Plant Science at Penn State University and holds BS and MS in Horticulture from West Virginia University and a PhD in Horticulture from Virginia Tech. Throughout his career he has aspired to use horticultural science as a tool to increase the profitability of horticulture enterprises, protect and restore the environment and alleviate poverty in developing parts of the world. His research, teaching and outreach programs have emphasized sustainable, scalable solutions to problems affecting horticulture value chain development and low-input food production systems. His work in Southeast Asia focuses on human and institutional capacity building involving implementation of innovative, field-based approaches, grounded in appropriate technology, entrepreneurship and market engagement.

E-mail: [email protected]

 

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