Strengthening Indigenous Informal Seed Systems In Southeast Asia | 94813
Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Seed is a fundamental agriculture input and access to locally adapted, quality seed is an essential component of sustainable
crop production. In much of the developing world, informal seed systems, such as farmer-to-farmer exchanges and farmer
self-saved seed, are critical components of resource poor farming systems. Indeed, planted seed from this informal system
comprise the majority of planted acreage in many regions of the world. This local seed production and distribution facilitates
maintenance of crop biodiversity by preserving in situ locally adapted varieties and by broadening the genetic base of production
with multiple varieties adapted to specific production systems and micro-climates. These informal seed systems are also critical
for seed and food security during periods of instability or natural disaster, including changing environmental conditions. A rich
diversity of underutilized species functions within informal seed systems in Southeast Asia and represents a valuable resource
for the development and improvement of crop species. Current efforts to conserve, improve and disseminate indigenous species
are failing or insufficient. To optimize these informal seed systems, research has been conducted to better understand their
germplasm characteristics, distribution pathways and gatekeepers and to improve local stakeholder access to seed information
and value chains. Research and extension projects to conserve and promote neglected and underutilized species within these
informal seed systems have resulted in: (1) surveys of key indigenous crops and collection of local crop knowledge, (2) training
and development of regional community-based seed banking enterprises, (3) seed quality conferences including seed exchange
activities and (4) improved human and institutional capacity, strategically focused on entrepreneurial women.
Ricky M Bates is a Professor of Horticulture in the Department of Plant Science at Penn State University and holds BS and MS in Horticulture from West Virginia University and a PhD in Horticulture from Virginia Tech. Throughout his career he has aspired to use horticultural science as a tool to increase the profitability of horticulture enterprises, protect and restore the environment and alleviate poverty in developing parts of the world. His research, teaching and outreach programs have emphasized sustainable, scalable solutions to problems affecting horticulture value chain development and low-input food production systems. His work in Southeast Asia focuses on human and institutional capacity building involving implementation of innovative, field-based approaches, grounded in appropriate technology, entrepreneurship and market engagement.