The Comparative Study Of Gastro-intestinal Parasites Of Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes Schwinfurthiiin) Nyungwe National Park (NNP), Rwanda. A Case Study Of Uwinka Site (south-western Part Of NNP) And Gisovu Site (northern Part Of NNP) | 10368
Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
The comparative study of gastro-intestinal parasites of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schwinfurthiiin) Nyungwe National Park (NNP), Rwanda. A case study of Uwinka site (south-western part of NNP) and Gisovu site (northern part of NNP)
2nd International Conference on Biodiversity & Sustainable Energy Development
The Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Nyungwe National Park (NNP) located in southwest of Rwanda serve
as flagship species and are used in tourism activities to help protect the biodiversity of the park. They are not only attract
public support in its own right but also helps to focus attention on its habitat, up on which many others species depend for
survival. Although, these species are under stress from the 1994 genocide effects associated to anthropogenic activities composed
of agriculture, mining, honey and fire-wood harvesting, charcoal burning in and outside the park and significantly contribute
to the loss of the large area of the park. The land surrounding Nyungwe National Park is densely populated with 300 inhabitant
/ Km2) and this may contribute overtime to cross contamination by transferring antropo-zoonotic disease due to close genetic
relationship (99%) between human and chimpanzees.
This research of its first kind in Rwanda conducted in 2009 aimed at contributing to an improved understanding of
parasites and to assess at what level parasites are being passed between human population and Pan
Troglodytes Schweinfurthii of NNP. Thus, eighteen (18) fecal samples were collected from 18 chimpanzees around UWINKA
area (Northwestern section of the park); where one of the park?s tourism offices is located, and where most of tour trips begin to
view habituated primates groups. The area basically known for its diversity of primates is not too far from the edge of the park,
where forest comes into contact with villages and agricultural fields. Lastly, Eighteen (18) fecal samples were collected from
GISOVU area (Northern section of the park) which holds the non -habituated chimpanzess not yet being visited by tourists.
Analytically, the laboratory tests showed that: the prevalence rate of helminthiasis on chimpanzees is 100%. The analysis with Ttest
showed that the difference between the infestation rates of chimapnzess from two areas is not significant and the helminthiasis
commonly found in ??
Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii?
Ancylostoma duodenale, Strongyloides sp., Trichostrongylus sp.
. and some of them are much common to human beings refer to Health Centers surrounding the NNP.
Most importantly, this research were contributed and helped protected areas particularly Nyungwe National Park to
restructure where weakness are identified based on research findings. The research helped also policy makers of the Department
of Tourism and Conservation within Rwanda Development Board; taking decisions concerning the development of primate
tourism guidelines, monitoring, conservation, protection and management of primate population as well as help future researchers
who will be interested in conducting relevant research on primates? parasites.
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals