Using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) And Remote Sensing (RS) In Watershed Management Studies In Turkey | 10328
Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
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n parallel to the advances in computer technologies, application of modern technologies of GIS and RS has accelerated after
2000?s. Such studies require expert teams of interdisciplinary basis. Environmental and geomatic (geodesy and photogrammetry)
engineers usually form the core members of such teams aiming environmental protection at watershed basis. Watersheds are so
far known as the most logical scales to conduct integrated management of land and water resources. The key idea of similar efforts
is to form a balance between ?
utilization and protection
?. The use of tools like GIS and RS in watershed studies enables to conduct
the studies in a shorter period of time. Land-use detection and planning are the essential steps to be considered in keeping the
environmental balance. Such detections are done through the classification of satellite images by means of RS technology. Data
storage, manipulation and querying are done through GIS technology. Thus, maps of different thematic layers are produced to
illustrate the findings especially to the decision makers and to conduct various watershed-scaled modeling and management
In this study, five of the recent studies conducted by the joint efforts of experts in ITU-Turkey will be briefly described to give
information on the different types of integrated and interdisciplinary studies as examples from a developing country.
?Land-use Change Detection in Istanbul Megacity from 1940s to 2000 (International-EU supported, 2005)
?Greater Istanbul Water Supply Project - B.Melen Watershed Integrated Protection and Water Management Master Plan
?Testing of Methodology on Spatial Planning for Integrated Coastal Zone Management ICZM (UNEP, 2007)
?Analysis of General Characteristics of the Filyos Watershed by means of Digital Elevation Model and Remote Sensing Data
(TUBITAK- The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, 2005-2007)
?Analysis of Urban Environments using V-I-S (Vegetation-Impervious Surface-Soil) Components Model (National, 2010-2012
Aysegul Tanik is a Full Professor at Istanbul Technical University in Turkey. She obtained her B.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering (1981), M.Sc.
Degree (1984) in Environmental Engineering from Bogazici University. Her Ph.D. is in Environmental Engineering (1991) and she got her degree
from ITU where she has been a member of teaching staff since 1992. She has become Full Professor in 2002. Her current fields of interest are;
determination and management of diffuse sources of pollutants, water quality management, water quality modeling, and integrated watershed
management. She has 60 papers appearing in SCI journals and more than 50 papers in the selected international proceedings
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