|Jag H. Khalsa
Division of Pharmacotherapies and Medical
National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH
Addiction Journal is an official peer reviewed journal for the rapid publication of innovative research covering all aspects of addiction and its related disorders. Addiction Journal with highest impact factor offers Open Access option to meet the needs of authors and maximize article visibility.
Addiction Journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of publishing.
This peer reviewed medical journal is using Editorial Manager System for quality in review process. Editorial Manager System is an online manuscript submission, review and tracking systems. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy or outside experts; at least two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through this system.
Drug rehabilitation is also called drug rehab or simply rehabs, is a way of medically or psychotherapeutic management of the addict person, for its dependency on psychoactive elements such as alcohol, prescription drugs, narcotic drugs like heroin, morphine, amphetamines (methylphenethylamine). The main purpose of drug rehabilitation is to ensure that the addict person start to cease substance abuse, in a way to dodge the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical concerns; that can be triggered, especially by extreme abuse.
Drug addiction is a complicated disease, and withdraws takes more than good intentions or a strong dedication, because drugs change the brain in ways that encourage compulsive drug abuse, withdraws is difficult, even for those who are ready to do so. Drug treatment is proposed to help addicted personalities to stop compulsive drug looking and consumption. Treatment can take place in various ways, take many different forms, and last for long period of time. Drug addiction is characteristically an enduring disorder described by occasional relapses, a short-term, one-time treatment is usually not appropriate.
Heroin (diacetylmorphine or morphine diacetate) also known as diamorphine (BAN, INN). It is an opioid analgesic found naturally from the opium plant and common people also known him as smack, brown sugar and black tar. Heroin is exceptionally addicting and more challenging than some other addictions to overwhelmed, but however heroin recovery is conceivable. Drug like Buprenorphine is a medicine used for treating heroin addiction. Buprenorphine works same as methadone drug. Buprenorphine avoid heroin from getting you "high" and breaks withdrawal symptoms and heroin appetite.
Holistic addiction treatment is an intense catchphrase. When the holistic drug and alcohol addiction treatment at a holistic rehab center sounds appealing, keep in mind attention that any program, including a dual-diagnosis program, can say it offers holistic medical treatment, simply by including any of the following in its offerings: Acupuncture, Daily exercise, Healthy and nutritional diet, Massage therapy, Meditation, Spiritual counseling, Tai-chi, Yoga.
Alcoholism is also known as alcohol dependence which contains four major signs: Craving, Loss of control, Physical dependence, Tolerance.
Alcohol Use in the United States:
Overall, 52% of adults aged 18 and over were current regular drinkers, 13% were current infrequent drinkers, 6% were former regular drinkers, 8% were former infrequent drinkers, and 21% were lifetime abstainer in the year 2012.
Alcohol Use Disorders
Adults (ages 18+):
Youth (ages 12-17):
Alcohol addiction , also known as alcoholism, is a well-known disease that disturbs people of all way of walking in life. Many people with alcoholism hesitate to get treatment because they don't recognize they have a problem. Treatment for alcoholism may consist of: A drug called disulfiram (Antabuse) may help to prevent you from drinking, although it won't cure alcoholism or remove the compulsion to drink. If you drink alcohol, the drug produces a physical reaction that may include flushing, nausea, vomiting and headaches.
Alcoholism affects all segments of American life. The National Institute of Drug Abuse reports that in 2009, an estimated 6.8 percent of Americans had consumed five or more drinks on at least five occasions within the month preceding their survey. In addition, the National Center for Biotechnology Information reports that an estimated one in six Americans has a drinking problem.
If you have developed a drinking problem, understanding your options for treatment is important. Alcohol rehab centers can offer you the medical attention and support you need get your drinking problem under control so you can reclaim your life.
Alcohol rehabilitation centers offer both inpatient and outpatient treatment. Outpatient treatment is good for people who have developed a drinking problem but are not yet addicted to alcohol. These people may be social drinkers who drink more than they should and have difficulty stopping. They have more of an emotional attachment to alcohol. Alcoholics should seek treatment from an inpatient treatment facility. They have developed a physical addiction to alcohol. If they go a short time without drinking, their body reacts negatively to the lack of alcohol, making it hard for them to properly function.
Food addiction is a serious type of addiction, same as like to drugs and alcohol addiction. Food addiction mostly we known as an uncontrollable want to eat food. Food desire can occur even when you are not physically or mentally hungry. Food addiction may also occur in person is also suffering with other eating disorders such an anorexia or bulimia. Food addiction involves the some dysfunction in the areas of the brain and with neurotransmitters responsible for sign of hungry; it may also result of biological, psychological, or some social factors.
Computer addiction can be defined as the extreme or uncontrollable use of the computer which continues against serious negative corollary for personal, social or occupational function. The thought of Computer Addiction is generally separated into two main types, especially offline and online Computer Addiction. The word offline Computer Addiction is generally used when we talking about excessive gaming addiction, which can be practiced both offline and online. In the other way online computer Addiction is also called as Internet addiction and will gets in general more attention from scientific research than compared to Offline Computer Addiction, mainly because most cases of Computer Addiction are related to the excessive use of the internet.
Amphetamine (methylphenethylamine) biologically is a strong central nervous system (CNS) stimulant used medically in the treatment of depression, obesity, and nasal congestion, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Amphetamine dependency refers to a state of psychological dependency on a drug in the amphetamine class. Psycho-stimulants that increase the concentration of dopamine and mimic the pharmacological effect of substituted amphetamines, but with lower abuse liability, could theoretically be used as replacement therapy in amphetamine dependence.
The disorder related to amphetamine are mainly depend upon the concentration of drug used by the person, and the amount of amphetamine used is the primary factor in determining the probability and severity of side effects. At normal pharmacological doses, the physical side effects of amphetamine vary extensively by age and from individual to individual person. Cardiovascular side effects can include hypertension or hypotension from a vasovagal response, Raynaud's phenomenon (reduced blood flow to extremities), and tachycardia (increased heart rate). Common psychological effects of therapeutic doses can include increased alertness, apprehension, concentration, decreased sense of fatigue, mood swings (elated mood followed by mildly depressed mood), increased initiative, insomnia or wakefulness, self-confidence, and sociability.
Cocaine (INN) is a naturally occurring chemical found in the leaf of coca plant and it is commonly known as benzoyl-methyl-ecgonine. Biologically cocaine is a strong stimulant, used as a local anesthetic by blocking the conduction of nerves impulses. It is generally snorted, inhaled, or injected directly into the veins of the addict person. Side effects may of cocaine include loss of contact with reality, nervousness, dizziness, an intense feeling of happiness, or agitation. Physical symptoms include a fast heart rate, sweating, and large pupils. Cocaine works by inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin, norephinephrine, and dopamine in the brain. This results in greater concentrations of these three neurotransmitters in the brain. Cocaine is addictive due to its pharmacological effect on the brains reward Mechanism.
The continuous and heavy use of cocaine & its chemically derivative result in nervousness, unusual feelings of well-being, hallucinations, and mood changes disorders. Overuses of cocaine cause elevated body temperature and a noticeable elevation of blood pressure that can be life-threatening result in arrhythmias and death. Anxiety, paranoia and restlessness can also occur, especially during the comedown. With excessive dosage, tremors, convulsions and increased body temperature are observed. Severe cardiac adverse events, particularly sudden cardiac death, become a serious risk at high doses due to cocaine's blocking effect on cardiac sodium channels. For a short period of use, there is a high risk that dependence will occur. Their use also increases the risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, lung problems in those who smoke it, blood infections, and sudden cardiac death.
Morphine is obtained from the poppy plant; it is an unriped seed capsule of poppy plant. Morphine is commonly used as painkiller and it is an potent analgesic drug. Pharmacologically morphine is used naturally pain killer drug. Morphine is potentially highly addictive chemical and can cause intense physical dependence that leads to miss-use of the substance. Frequently use of morphine can lead to individuals developing tolerance of the drug and a physical and psychological dependence on it.
Munchausen syndrome is a psychiatric disorder at causes an individual to self-inflict injury or illness or even sickness in order to fabricate signs or symptoms connected with bodily or even mind sickness, so that you can get health care or even hospitalization. In a variation of the disorder, Munchausen by proxy (MSBP), an individual, typically a mother intentionally causes or fabricates illness in a child or other person under her care. There is no clearly effective treatment for Munchausen syndrome. Extensive psychotherapy may be helpful with some Munchausen patients.
Hospital addiction syndrome or Munchausen syndrome: is a condition where people develop fake illness to receive attention from other people towards ourselves. Certain patients make amazingly complex lies and falsify symptoms with impressive resourcefulness, and some are just silly. Few examples of particularly bizarre cases: The Wanderer, Wendy Scott, Lupus, Faking Cancer with a Badly Forged Note. Hospital-Addiction Syndrome factitious disorder characterized by habitual presentation for hospital treatment of an apparent acute illness, the patient giving a plausible and dramatic history, all of which is false.
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a group of complications that occur in a newborn baby who was pre-exposed or the administration of licit or illicit drugs & addictive opiate drugs during the time period of its development or growth in the mother's womb. Tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal may occur as a result of repeated administration of drugs or even after short-term high dose use—for example during mechanical ventilation in intensive care units. There are two types of NAS: prenatal and postnatal. Prenatal NAS is caused by termination of drugs taken by the pregnant mother, while postnatal NAS is caused by withdrawal of drugs directly to the infant.
Opioid are the type of medicine used to help in relieve in pain. They work by decreasing the pain signal (prostaglandin) to the brain. The addiction and opioid dependence both are come under the category of opioid related disorders, the medical conditions that characterize the habitual use of opioids (e.g., morphine, heroin, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) in animosity of knowing the consequences of continued use and the withdrawal syndrome that occurs when we stop using opioids and its derivatives. The opioid dependence-withdrawal syndrome involves both psychological dependence and marked physical dependence upon opioid compounds.
Substance addiction include, the use of narcotic substance, opium product beyond their limited or pharmacological uses and that are harmful to them or to the others is known as drug abuse or substance related disorders. These drugs used are often associated with levels of intoxication that modify judgment, perception, attention and physical control, not related with medical or therapeutic effects. It is often rumored that the main abused substances are illegal drugs and alcohol; moreover it is becoming more common that prescription drugs and tobacco are a predominant problem of substance related disorders.
The Addiction Recovery Guide assists individuals struggling with drug addiction and alcoholism find help that best suits their needs. From evaluation to residential treatment, we have selected a range of outstanding programs and resources. Cravings can be significantly reduced by new medications, amino acids and other holistic approaches such as meditation. Because psychological illnesses and traumas often underlie addiction, treatment by mental health practitioners can be an important part of the process.
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Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy is associated with our international conference "4th International Conference and Exhibition on Addiction Research & Therapy" (Addiction-2015) during August 03-05, 2015 Florida, USA with a theme "Accentuate knowledge and explore new treatment regimen for Addiction". We are particularly interested in addiction research in the areas of genomics, pharmacogenomics, neuroimaging, nutrigenomics, molecular neurobiology, pharmacology, neurogenetics, and clinical trials. We encourage articles involving genome-wide DNA methylation mapping and gene expression including histone replacement, messenger RNA interference (miRNA) as well any other epigenetic studies.
*Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If 'X' is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and 'Y' is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = Y/X