The Effect Of Banduras Social-cognitive Theory Implementation On Addiction Quitting Of Clients Referred To Addiction Quitting Clinics | 62155
Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
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Introduction: Addiction, especially addiction quitting has been the main problem of health systems of many countries in
recent years. High percentage of addiction recurrence (more than 80%) indicates that the nature of addiction and its therapeutic
method have not been fully recognized and it more effort is demanded in this field.
Drug addiction is a medical disorder and couldn't effectively be treated medically, based on most studies. The effect
of medical treatment would be completed, when primary supportive services such as psychological counseling, treating
accompanying disease and accessibility to medical and rehabilitation services were provided. As to literature review on
addiction, successful preventive education programs are conducted based on well-known Models.
As Bandura’s cognitive-social theory is based on interactive dynamic relationship between environmental, personal and
individual behavior, this theory could be applied as a basis for interventional strategies.
According to findings, implementing educational program based on Bandura’s theory affected significantly on successful
quitting; in test group it was 16.7% more than control group. The findings of this study revealed although pharmaceutical
treatment is the first choice for addiction, a client needs non pharmaceutical interventions as well as detoxifying to experience
stable and effective behavior.
Ali Dashtdard completed his Msc. in nursing from Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. He teaches as a faculty member of Birjand University of Medical Sciences, and conducted a lot of research on drug addiction in Iran.