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The Long-term Consequences Of Inhalant Abuse During Adolescence; Potential Neuroadaptations In Reward Pathways | 4163
ISSN: 2155-6105

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Open Access

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The long-term consequences of inhalant abuse during adolescence; Potential neuroadaptations in reward pathways

International Conference and Exhibition on Addiction Research & Therapy

Jhodie R. Duncan

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Addict Res Ther

DOI: 10.4172/2155-6105.S1.009

Abstract
This study examine the relationship between cultural orientation and drinking behaviors, taking into account the role of gender, hometown, grade and campus environments. A total of 1279 university students in Wuhan in China participated in our survey during the period of May 1 to August 1, 2011 and they were assessed for measures of drinking behaviors and cultural orientation by Chinese Cultural Orientation Scale. There were 43.32% regular drinkers, 36.71% occasional drinkers and 19.97% non-drinkers. 39.13% students were western oriented, 32.61% were traditionally oriented, 17.23% were marginally oriented and 11.03% were biculturally oriented. More traditional cultural orientation lowered the likelihood of regular drinking, as compared to bicultural orientation. Males had higher likelihood of regular drinking than females, graduate students had higher likelihood of regular drinking than undergraduates, students from urban areas had higher likelihood of regular drinking than those from town or rural areas and students in key university had higher likelihood of regular drinking than those in general university. Contingency coefficients showed there were some association between cultural orientation with gender(r=0.12), hometown(r=0.12) and university attendance (r=0.11). Cultural orientation influences drinking behaviors among Chinese university students. More traditional cultural orientation was associated with lower drinking frequency while biculturalism was associated with higher drinking frequency. Western culture did not affect drinking directly. There are significant differences in drinking behaviors related to gender, hometown, grade and campus environments. The role of gender, hometown and university attendance in drinking behaviors is partially through the influences on cultural orientation.
Biography

Hongxiu Tang is studying for Masters degree in Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China. Her focus of study is psychological and sociological aspects of alcoholism under the leadership of Prof. Ping Yin. She has participated in several global and state research projects about alcoholism, such as Global Actions on Harmful Drinking Project Noncommercial Alcohol Use in China

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